Britannia XIV (1983) Index

Main Articles

Oculists and Eye-TroublesG.C. Boon1
The Seasons in Romano-British Mosaic PavementsR. Ling13
The Gallic Chronicle of 452 and its Authority for British EventsS. Muhlberber23
The Impact of Roman Rule on Native Society in the Territory of the ParisiJ.S. Dent35*
The Excavation of Two Romano-British Farm Sites in North CumbriaN.J. Higham & G.D.B. Jones45
Unusual Buildings at Wood Lane End, Hemel Hempstead, Herts.D.S. Neal73
The Chester Gladiator RediscoveredR. Jackson87
Miniature 'Ex-Voto' from Argentomagus (Indre)I. Faudet97
A Romano-British Pottery Manufacturing Site at Oakleigh Farm, Higham, KentP.D. Catherall103
Yardhope. A Shrine to Cocidius?D.B. Charlton & M.M. Micheson143
A Roman Road from the Long Mountain to Dolgellau and Some BranchesJ. Rigg & H. Toller155
Recent Aerial Discoveries in Roman Scotland: Drumquhassle, Elginhaugh and WoodheadG.S. Maxwell167!
C. Velius RufusD. Kennedy183*
Studies on the Technology of Beaded Rims on Late Roman Silver VesselsJ. Lang & R. Holmes197
A Roman Harbour in London: Excavations and Observations near Pudding Lane, City of London 1979-82N. Bateman & G. Milne207
Minor Enclosures on the Antonine Wall at Wilderness PlantationW.S. Hanson & G.S. Maxwell227!

Notes

A Note on Ambrosius Aurelianus by Shimon Applebaum (245)
German Marbled Flagons in Roman Britain by Joanna Bird & David Williams (247)
An Italian Legionary at Chester by Eric Birley (252)
One of the Early Roman Pottery Industries at Staines, Surrey by K.R. Crouch & S.A. Shanks (253)
Familial Epithets in the Epigraphy of Roman Britain by Leonard A. Curchin (255)
The Villa at Mill End, Hambleden, Buckinghamshire and its Neighbour by M.E. Farley (256)
Early Import of Bone Objects to South-East Britain by S. Greep (259)
Miniature Amphorae from Norton, North Yorkshire by R.A. Hall (262)
The Building of the Antonine Wall by Mark Hassall (262)
A Romano-British Temple at Ratham Mill, Funtingdon, West Sussex by Anthony King & Grahame Soffe (264)
A Note on the Diploma in the Corinium Museum, Cirencester by G. Lloyd-Morgan (266)
An Amber Knife-Handle from Carlisle by M.R. McCarthy, T.G. Padley & M. Henig (267)
Hyperion at Housesteads by R. Merkelbach (269)
Temporary Camps at Calverton, Notts. by D.N. Riley (270)
A Note on Tiles Found on the Mitre Yard, Lancaster, in 1973 by D.C.A. Shotter (270)
Fifth-Century Facts? by E. Thompson (272)
Two Notes on the Text of Tacitus by W.S. Watt (274)
An Unusual Lamp from Beddington [near Croydon, Surrey] by Lesley Adkins & Roy A. Adkins (274)

Roman Britain in 1982

I Sites Explored
by S.S. Frere (279)

WALES

CLWYD - (1) Chester - Caer Gai Roman road, Warren Bank, Broughton, Flintshire (SJ 3261 6313): p.280; (2) Ruthin, Tyn-y-Wern Farm, possible camp or fort (SJ 126567): p.280.

POWYS - (1) Brecon Gaer, Brecknockshire, suspected practice-camp W of fort (SO 000298): p.280; (2) Colwyn Castle, Hundred House, 1975 excavations suggest Roman fort beneath Medieval castle keep (SO 1075 5396): pp.280/81; (3) Guilsfield, Cae-Bardd Farm, Montgomeryshire, hoard of 4,666 Constantinian coins found 1981 (SJ 1940 1295): p.281.

DYFED - (1) Carmarthen/Moridunum, Carmarthenshire, 5 civil occupation phases from early-2nd to 4th C. (SN 4167 2047): p.281; (2) Llandovery/Alabum, Carmarthenshire, fort, 5 occupation phases (SN 7696 3517): p.281; (3) Llawhaden, Pembrokeshire, hill-slope ringworks: (i) Woodside (SN 078199), (ii) Dan-y-Coed (SN 077 188): p.281; (4) Trawscoed, Cardiganshire, bronze griffin NE of fort (SN 673731): p.281.

SOUTH GLAMORGAN - (1) Cowbridge: (i) Midland Bank, 63 High Street, substantial ditch (SS 9941 7475), (ii) Bear Barn, 1st to late-4th C. occupation (SS 9932 7473), (iii) Woodstock House, 83 High Street, late-3rd/early-4th C. timber building (SS 9928 7478): p.282; (2) Llanfrynach, near Cowbridge, 2nd-4th C. subrectangular enclosure (SS 9803 7465): p.282.

WEST GLAMORGAN - (1) Loughor/Leucarum fort, excavation in advance of roadworks: (i) Lower Station House, early-2nd C. ditch. (ii) Upper Station House, structure sequence c.AD75-130/140. (iii) Castle Street, northern defences. (iv) 1 & 3 Dock Street, via Sagularis? (SS 562979): p.282 & fig.2 p.283.

GWENT [MONMOUTHSHIRE] - (1) Caerwent/Venta: (i) excavation and resistivity survey of Insula I (ST 467907): pp.283/4 & plate.XXXIVa; (2) Chepstow, Church Road Orchard, samian pottery and glass (ST 5355 9409): p.284.

SCOTLAND

TAYSIDE - (1) Glencarse, Perthshire, souterrain (NO 202224): p.284; (2) Dunblane - Ardoch Roman road, Perthshire, Lower Quoigs Quarry (NN 827069): p.284; (3) Inchtuthil - Gourdie Hill Roman road, Perthshire, A.P.'s (NO 115411): p.284; (4) Strageath, Muthill, Perthshire, three-period fort, Flavian & Antonine I/II (NN 898180): pp.284-7 & figs.3-5.

CENTRAL REGION - (1) Lochlands, Camelon, Stirlingshire, marching-camps (NS 856817): pp.287/8; (2) Ochtertyre, Perthshire, marching-camp (NS 745982): p.288.

ANTONINE WALL - (1) Mumrills fort annex now completely built-over (NS 916794): p.288; (2) Rough Castle road and field-system E of fort (NS 846798): p.288; (3) Seabegs, Bonnybridge, Antonine ditch (NS 822797): p.288; (4) Castlecary, Antonine ditch (NS 791783): p.288; (5) Bar Hill: (i) marching-camp (NS 707757), (ii) section across Wall (NS 702759): p.288; (6) Summerston, Roman bridge piers found during dredging (NS 581719): p.288; (7) Bearsden, Peel Glen Road, section across Wall (NS 521725): pp.288/9.

MIDLOTHIAN - (1) Cramond, eastern road examined (NT 192768): p.289.

BORDERS - (1) Wooden, Kelso, Roxburghshire, marching-camp (NT 742334): p.289

STRATHCLYDE - (1) Girvan, Ayrshire, marching-camp (NX 192992): p.289

DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY - (1) Dalbeattie marching-camp (NX 826608): p.289

ENGLAND

HADRIAN'S WALL

TYNE AND WEAR - (1) Wallsend/Segedunum ...

II Inscriptions
by M.W.C. Hassall & R.S.O. Tomlin (336)

MONUMENTAL

  1. Dover/Portus Dubris (TR3141): chalk block found 1971 in situ in W wall of the Classis Britannica fort: [E]VSEB III IV IV. p.336.
  2. Bath/Aquae Sulis, Avon/Somerset (ST7564): oval of pewter sheet found 1979 in King's Bath votive deposit: A B C D E F X. p.336 & fig.32 p.337.
  3. Ibid.: oblong pewter sheet found 1979 with #2, inscribed both sides in 4th C. cursive script (transcription):
    (a) Primurudem • Basilia donat in templum Martis ani‌lum argeteum si servus si liber (ta)‌mdiu silverit vel aliquid de hoc ‌ noverit ut sanguin(e) et liminibus ob
    (b) omnibus membris configatur vel et‌iam intestinis excomesis (om)nibus habe(at) ‌ is qui anilum involavit vel qui medius ‌ fuerit. p.336 & figs.33/34 p.338.
  4. Ibid.: oval pewter casting found 1979 with #2, inscribed on top in 4th C. cursive (transcription): Cunsa Maria ‌ Docimedis Vendibedis ‌ Sedebelia Cunsus ‌ - Severia<a>nus ‌ - Seni<i>la. p.336 & fig.35 p.339.
  5. Ibid.: irregular rectangle of tin sheet found 1979 with #2, text in 4th C. cursive script (transcription): execro qui involaver‌it qui Deomiorix de hos‌<i>pitio suo perdiderit qui‌cumque sanguine et ‌ vitae suae illud redemat. p.336 & fig.36 p.339.
  6. Ibid.: rectangle of pewter sheet found 1979 with #2, text in 3rd C. cursive (transcription): Minervae ‌ de(ae) Suli donavi ‌ furem qui ‌ caracallam ‌ meam invo‌lavit si servus ‌ si liber si ba‌ro si mulier ‌ hoc donum non ‌ redemat nessi ‌ sangu(i)ne suo. p.336 & fig.27 p.340.
  7. Ibid.: oval pewter casting found 1979 with #2, inscribed on top in 4th C. cursive (transcription): Victorinus Compe ‌ Talipieinus <pe>dita ‌ Minantius Valauneicus ‌ Victorianus, aBelia [sic]. pp.336/7 & fig.38 p.341.
  8. Wroxeter/Viroconium, Shropshire (SJ 567087): buff-sandstone conduit in situ at east end of Basilica: VII. p.337.
  9. Ilkley/Verbeia?, West Yorkshire (SE 116478): gritstone slab fragment found 1982 re-used in foundations of parish church: ... ...INVICTOS... ... ...SSIMOΛ... ...MSVORVM... ...RINVSV... ...ELICIS... ...EVCLEGΛ... ...ISSIMVSNV... ...VMCOM.... p.337.
  10. York/Eburacum, Rougier Street (SE 6004 5179): limestone base found 1981 in late-2nd C. context within Colonia, text appears on lower border of broken relief, featuring a cockerel: MΛ[...]TIN[...]. p.337 & fig.39 p.341.
  11. Castleford/Lagentium, West Yorkshire (SE 425255): magnesian limestone slab found 1981 beneath early-2nd C. courtyard building in vicus, text beneath crudely-incised female heads and tree motifs: NYMPI‌S. p.337 & fig.40 p.342.
  12. High Rochester/Bremenium, Northumberland (NY 833986): buff-sandstone ansate building-stone found 1982 within fort: VEXCOHIIIIGALLET ‌ VEXCOHIINERV ‌ FECERVNT. p.337 & plate.XXXVI.

INSTRVMENTVM DOMESTICVM
only items of military or special note are listed here

  1. GLOUCESTERSHIRE Fairford, Claydon Pike (SU 191996): amphora sherd found 1982 in pit with late-3rd C. pottery: LEG II A[...]. p.344.
  1. LONDON The City, 41 Watling Court (TQ 324810): fragments of bronze military diploma found 1978 within building destroyed during Hadrianic fire; dated: c.A.D.96-108:
    leaf 1 interior: ...]EM[... ‌ ...]SN[... ‌ ...]MA[... ‌ ...]ETIIN[...
    leaf 1 exterior: [EMERITIS DIMI]S[SIS HO]NEST[A MISSIONE • QVORVM NOMINA SV]BSCRIPTA SVNT [IPSIS LIB‌ERIS POSTERISQVE] EORVM CIVITATE[M DEDIT ‌ ET CONVBIVM CVM] VXORIBVS QVAS TV[NC HAB‌VISSENT CVM EST C]IVITAS IIS DATA AV[T SIQVI ‌ CAELIBES ESSENT CV]M IIS QVAS POS[TEA DVX ‌ ISSENT DVMTAXAT SING]VLI SINGV[LAS ... ‌ ...]NDROVER[... ‌ ...]ANT[...COS]
    leaf 2 exterior: Q POMPEI] HOM[ERI. pp.344-6 & fig.41.
  1. NORTHUMBERLAND Rudchester/Vindobala (NZ 114675): oval lead sealing found 1982 SW of fort: LEG ‌ XXVV. p.347 & fig.42.
  2. NORTHUMBERLAND Chesterholm/Vindolanda (NY 771664): fragment of bronze military diploma found 1980 with dumped material outside fort's NE corner-tower; dated: c.A.D.146-153 (text restored):
    interior: [Imp. Caesar divi Hadriani f. divi Traiani ‌ Parth. n. divi Nervae pron.] T AE[LIVS ‌ HADRIANVS ANTONIN]VS AVG PIVS P M ‌ [TR POT VIIII IMP II] COS IIII P[P ‌ EQ ET PED Q M IN AL ...] ET COH VIII ET SV[NT ‌ in Britannia sub Papirio Aeliano (?) quinque et viginti ‌ stipend. emerit. dimis. honest. mission. ‌ quor. nomin. subscript. sunt. civit. Roman.
    exterior: QVI EOR] NON HA[BER DEDIT ET CONVB CVM ‌ VXOR] QVAS TVN[C HABVIS CVM EST CIVIT ‌ IS D]ATA AVT CVM [IS QVAS POSTEA DVXIS ‌ DV]MTAXAT SING[VLIS ... ‌ SEX] ERCV[IO CLARO II ‌ CN] CLAVD[IO SEVERO ARABIANO COS ‌ CO]H I TVN[GROR ∞ (?) CVI PRAEST ‌ ...] PATERNIV[S ... ‌ EX ... ‌ ...]ANDIO[... F ... ‌ DESC]RIPT ET [RECOGNIT EX TABVL AER‌EA Q]VAE FI[XA EST ROMA IN MVRO ‌ post templ. divi Aug. ad Minervam.. p.347/8.
  1. NORTH YORKSHIRE York/Eburacum, Rougier Street (SE 6004 5179): tegula fragment found 1981 impressed with stamp: LEGVIV. p.349.