Britannia XX (1989) Index

Main Articles

The Invasion of ritain in A.D. 43 - An Alternative Strategy for Aulus PlautiusJ.G.F. Hind1*
Excavations at 10, Old Market Street UskD.R. Evans & V.M. Metcalf23
The Numismatic Evidence for the Post-Agricolan Abandonment of the Roman Frontier in Northern ScotlandAndrew S. Hobley69*
Birdoswald to RavenglassJ.C. Mann75!
The Numeri of the Roman Imperial ArmyP. Southern81*
Alchester Oxon.: A Brief Review and New Aerial EvidenceA.M. Foster141*
The Stanwick Villa, Northants.: An Interim Report on the Excavations of 1984-88David S. Neal149
The Romano-British Pewter IndustryNeil Beagrie169
Quern Production at Folkestone, South-East Kent: An Interim NoteP.T. Keller193
A Roman Sculpture Rehabilitated: The Pagans Hill DogGeorge C. Boon201
A Hoard of Late Roman Rings and Silver Coins from Silchester, HampshireM.G. Fulford, A Burnett, M. Henig & C. Johns219


A Roman Timber Building from Southwark by J. Dillon (229)
Numen Augusti by D. Fishwick (231)
The Oxburgh Lead Tank by C. Guy (234)
A Lost Roman Ring from Suffolk by C. Frances Mawer (237)
A Bronze Head of Jupiter from Bidford-on-Avon, Warwickshire by J.Pickin (241)
Romano-British Iron Working at North Wootton, King's Lynn, Norfolk by J.P. Smallwood (243)
A Roman Shipwreck of Nornour, Isles of Scilly? by Michael Fulford (245)
The Roman Settlement at Ruthin, Clwyd by E. & A.C. Waddelove & G.D.B. Jones (249)
A Solidus of Valentinian II from Scotch Street, Carlisle by G.D. Keevil, D.C.A. Shotter & M.R. McCarthy (254)

Roman Britain in 1988

I Sites Explored
by S.S. Frere (257)


CLWYD - (1) Frith, Roman road, fort & bath-house (SJ 284548): p.258 & fig.2 p.259; (2) Ruthin - Whitchurch Roman road, Pen-y-stryt (SJ 2025 5185): p.258; (3) Ruthin suspected Flavio-Trajanic fort (SJ 103582): pp.258/9.

POWYS - (1) Abertanat marching-camps (SJ 248214): pp.259/60; (2) Llansandffraid-ym-Mechain early military site (SJ 229207): p.260.

DYFED - (1) Carmarthen/Moridunum, 5-8 Spillman Street, 4 phases of military occupation (SN 4144 2004): p.260.

MID GLAMORGAN - (1) Porthcawl, Dan-y-Graig House, winged-corridor villa (SS 8407780): p.260.

WEST GLAMORGAN - (1) Loughor/Leucarum, 4, 6 & 8, Dock Street, 18 Roman phases in fort (SS 563979): pp.260-63 & figs 3-6; (2) Neath/Nidum, Dwr-y-Felin School (SS 7475 9777): p.263.

GWENT - (1) Great Bulmore, Caerleon-Usk Roman road (ST 356916): p.263; (2) Caerleon/Isca: (i) Museum Street, via principalis (ST 3393 9059), (ii) Mill Street, road NE from fortress (ST 3415 9093): pp.263/4; (3) Caerwent/Venta (ST 467907): (i) north end of forum, (ii) Insula IX: p.264; (4) Usk/Burrium: (i) Old Market Street, building in NW corner of fortress (SO 377007), (ii) CV Primary School (SO 377008), (iii) Flavian military enclosure: p.265 & figs 7-10 pp.266-9.


HIGHLAND REGION - (1) Cawdor, Easter Galcantray, SW angle-tower (NH 807483): p.265.

TAYSIDE REGION - (1) Dunning marching-camp (NO 024152): pp.269/70.

ANTONINE WALL - (1) Falkirk, Tayavalla House, Tamfourhill, Wall section (NS 8592 7985): p.270; (2) Allandale, Lochpark Cottage, damage to monument (NS 8038 7887): p.270; (3) Westerwood, Military Way (NS 759773): p.270; (4) Nether Croy, trenches across Wall (NS 723762): p.270; (5) Old Kilpatrick, Wier's Garage, outer defences at E corner of fort (NS 461732): p.270.

CENTRAL REGION - (1) Dunipace marching-camp (NS 842825): p.271; (2) Lochlands, Camelon, marching camp (NS 854812): p.271.

LOTHIAN REGION - (1) Castle Greg, A.P.'s of fortlet (NT 050592): p.271.

BORDERS REGION - (1) Newstead, magnetometer survey in South Annexe (NT 571344): p.272.



TYNE AND WEAR - (1) South Shields/Arbeia ...

II Inscriptions
by M.W.C. Hassall & R.S.O. Tomlin (327)


  1. London/Londinium, Hooper Street (TQ 3420 8095): blue-grey marble slab fragment found in 1988 in the eastern cemetery area: D[M] ‌ L ♠ POMPEI[O F] ‌ LICETO ♥ DA[...] ‌ POMPTINA [AR]‌RETIO A[N ...] ‌ H F [C]. p.327 & plate.xxiii.
  2. Uley, Gloucestershire (ST 789996): rectangular piece of sheet lead found in 1978 at Temple of Mercury on West Hill, written in Old Roman Cursive (c.A.D.150-275, restored text): nomen furis ‌ [qu]i frenem involaverit ‌ si l[i]ber si servus si baro ‌ si mulier deo dona‌tor duas partes ‌ AFIMA sua ter‌tia ad sanita‌tem. pp.327/8 & fig.1.
  3. ibid.: ovular piece of sheet lead found 1978 in Temple of Mercury, in Old Roman Cursive (reconstructed): deo Mercurio ‌ Docilinus QVAENM ‌ Varianus et Peregrina ‌ et Sabinianus qu[i] peco‌ri meo dolum malum in‌tulerunt et INT RR[.] pro‌locuntur rogo te ut eos ‌ max[i]mo [le]to adigas nec ‌ eis sanit[atem nec] som‌num perm[itt]as nisi ‌ a te quod m[ihi] ad[mi]‌ni[strav]erint ‌ redem[e]rint. pp.329/30 & fig.2.
  4. Carlisle/Luguvalium, Norman Cathedral (NY 399559): base of sculptured relief found in 1988 re-used in foundations of western knave: CNCORD[...] ‌ LEGIIAVGETXXV[...]. p.331 & plate.xxiv.
  5. Carlisle/Luguvalium, Castle, de Ireby's Tower (NY 398562): most of buff-sandstone altar found in 1987 re-used as door lintel: I O [M] ‌ IVNON[...] ‌ MINER[...] ‌ MARTI P[... VIC]‌TORIΛE C[...] ‌ DIIS DAEA[...] ‌ OMNIBVS[...] ‌ MFVLP SYRIO[...] ‌ POLIEX[...] OVRTH[...] ‌ TRIBMILLEGXXVV ‌ ANTONINIANAE ‌ [...]. pp.331-3 & fig.3.
  6. Black Carts, Hadrian's Wall, Turret #29a (): buff-sandstone facing-stone found in 1988 in situ in the Wall, 56.6 m W of T29a: X. p.333.
  7. ibid.: 83.6 m W of T29a: Λ. p.333.
  8. ibid.: 274.5 m W of T29a: V. p.333.
  9. ibid.: 277 m W of T29a: >. p.333.
  10. ibid.: 278.5 m W of T29a (text at 45°): V. p.333.
  11. ibid.: 279 m W of T29a: Λ. p.333.
  12. Carvoran/Magnis, Northumberland (SU 7286 7409): quarry face inscription found in 1988 on a buff-sandstone building-stone: LEG ‌ II ‌ AVGV[...] ‌ L[...]. p.333.

only items of military or special note are listed here

  1. COUNTY DURHAM Piercebridge (NZ 214156): copper-alloy ring found in 1988 in River Tees beside the line of the Roman bridge: ΛVEΛMΛ; "Hail! Love me!". p.337.
  2. ibid: octagonal silver ring found in 1987: DM‌ΛRT; "For the god Mars". p.337.
  1. HERTFORDSHIRE St Albans/Verulamium, Insula XIII (TL 137070): copper-alloy ring set with two turquoise-glass beads set to either side of the bezel: SER[...]S • AMORIS; probably "A slave of love". p.338.