Britannia XXV (1994) Index

A.L.F. Rivet (1915-1993) ix

Main Articles

A Roman Coin Manufacturing Hoard from Magiovinium, Fenny Stratford, Bucks.R.J. Zeepvat1
A newly Identified Late Roman Tile Group from Southern EnglandIan M. Betts & Robert Foot21
Non-legionary Troops in Roman Britain: Part One, The UnitsMichael G. Jarrett35*
Antler Roundel Pendants from Britain and the North-Western Roman ProvincesStephen Greep79
Villa-owners: Romano-British Gentlemen and OfficersE.W. Black99*
Interpreting the Brading 'Abraxas' MosaicPat Witts111
The Silchester Church: a Dimensional Analysis and a New ReconstructionS.D. Ford119
Numinibus AugustorumDuncan Fishwick127
Military Architects and Building Design in Roman BritainEdith Evans143
The Hoxne Late Roman TreasureCatherine Johns & Roger Bland165
The Settlement and Drainage of the Wentlooge Level, Gwent: Excavation and Survey at Rumney Great Wharf 1992M.G. Fulford, J.R.L. Allen & S.J. Ripon175

Notes

The Geographical Perspective of Gildas by C. Daniell (213)
The Effect of Roman Occupation on the Environment of Hadrian's Wall: A Pollen Diagram from Fozy Moss, Northumbria by L. Dumayne (217)
A Deposit of Roman Lead from North Lodge Farm, Barnwell, Northants. by W.H.C. Frend & J.A. Hadman (224)
Marbles from Shapwick, Dorset, and Sapperton, Gloucestershire by M. Henig (226)
Literary Evidence for Villas, Towns, and Hillforts in Fifth-Century Britain by N.J. Higham (229)
The Lost Lead Tank from Icklingham, Suffolk by F. Mawer (232)
353,367, or 357? Splitting the Difference or Taking a New Approach by R. Reece (236)
A Bronze Janiform Object from Betchworth, Surrey by D. Williams, M. Green & G. Lloyd-Morgan (239)
The Gallic Chronicle by R.W. Burgess (240)

Roman Britain in 1993

I Sites Explored
by B.C. Burnham, L.J.F. Keppie & A.S. Esmonde Cleary (245)

WALES

GWYNEDD - (1) Castellior, Cwm Cadnant, Roman finds (SH 5410 7390): p.246; (2) Tre'r Ceiri, Llanaelhaearn, hillfort, mid-2nd C. defensive works (SH 3728 4463): p.246.

CLWYD - (1) Broughton, Bretton Road, Roman road, resistivity survey (SJ 350640): p.246; (2) Clawdd Coch, Llanymynech, military sites (SJ 246202): p.246.

POWYS - (1) Brecon Gaer, resistivity survey (SO 0045 2957): p.246; (2) Caersws: (i) excavations at Greenfields, E of Caersws II fort (SO 0315 9195); (2) Railway Yard geophysical survey (SJ 0293 9184): pp.246-8 & fig.2; (3) Castel Collen - St Harmon Roman Road; Glan-yr-afon (SN 983722), Gaufron (SN 997683), Banc Gelli-las (SN 982706): p.248.

DYFED - (1) Carmarthen, 33 Spilman Street, roadway within fort (SN 4143 2012): p.248 & fig.3 p.249; (2) Dolaucothi, Annell Leat, Roman aqueduct (SN 668404): p.248; (3) Carmarthen western Roman Road, Bryn Farm (SN 1555 1827): pp.248/9; (4) Llandovery - Pumsaint Roman road, Porth-y-Rhyd valley: Gilwen (SN 746384), Bryn (SN 706376): p.249.

MID-GLAMORGAN - (1) Kenfig, samian with 1st C. potter's stamp (SS 7994 8250): p.249; (2) Natgarw-Llantrisant, pipeline watching-brief, Roman pottery (ST 094844 & ST 070833) and glass (ST 042840): p.250; (3) Merthyr Tydfil, Penydarren Road, negative results N of fort (SO 051069): p.250.

WEST GLAMORGAN - (1) Neath/Nidum: (i) Cwrt Herbert playing fields, late-1st/mid-2nd C. building (SS 745979), (ii) Glyn Hir/Glyn Leiros, SW Roman road (SS 745976): p.250; (2) Rheola Forest, Hirfynydd, possible signal-station/fortlet (SN 8124 0401): p.250.

GWENT - (1) Caerleon/Isca: (i) Caerleon Comprehensive School excavation, Roman pottery (ST 33359040), (ii) Bulmore Road emergency excavation, cremation cemetery (ST 3465 9010), (iii) 5 Norman Street watching-brief, interval-tower (ST 3400 9083), (iv) Roman Legionary Museum garden excavation, via praetoria (), (v) Endowed School evaluation, 1st cohort barracks (ST 338 906), : pp.250/51; (2) Caerwent/Venta, forum-basilica excavations (ST 467907): pp.251/2; (3) Christchurch, Celtic Manor Golf Course, Roman road (ST 350901): p.252; (4) Great Bulmore, Great Bulmore Farm, 1st-3rd C. buildings (ST 360916): p.252; (5) Llanerthill, St Eurddil's Chapel, Roman hypocaust (SO 434043): p.252; (6) Monmouth: (i) Rockfield Road, 2nd C. pottery (SO 495130), (ii) St Mary's Street, 2nd-4th C. Roman levels (SO 505126): p.252; (7) Undy, Church Lane, Roman pottery (ST 438 876): p.252; (8) Usk/Burrium: (i) trenching to S of fortress, (ii) Usk Cricket Ground Pavilion geophysical survey (ST 389995): pp.252/3; (9) Wilcrick, Magor, Barland's Farm, palaeochannel, Roman jetty & 'Magor Boat' (ST 406864): pp.253-5, fig.4 & plate.xvii.

SCOTLAND

TAYSIDE REGION - (1) Ardoch fort, geophysical survey (NN 839099): p.255.

ANTONINE WALL - (1) Falkirk, 14 Hodge Street, SW corner-angle of fort (NS 886797): p.255; (2) Garnhall, Castlecary Village, marching-camp 1 (NS 786780): pp.255/6 & fig.5; (3) Garnhall, Castlecary Village, ring-ditch enclosures (NS 780779): pp.256/7; (4) Bearsden, Roman Road, fort annexe (NS 547 720): p.257.

CENTRAL REGION - (1) Camelon, Three Bridges, marching-camps (NS 857808): p.257 & fig.6 p.258.

STRATHCLYDE REGION - (1) Castledykes, Roman road W from fort (NS 926442): p.257; (2) Girvan marching-camps, geophysical survey and excavation (NX 187990): p.257& fig.7 p.259; (3) Clydesdale Roman road, Paddy's Rickle Bridge (NS 980161): p.257.

LOTHIAN REGION - (1) Inveresk, SW corner of fort (NT 341720): pp.257/8 & fig.8 p.260; (2) Inveresk, civil settlement (NT 348721): pp.258/9; (3) Traprain Law, Iron-Age and Roman finds (NT 581746): p.259.

DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY - (1) Durisdeer, marching-camps, surface finds (NS 892033): p.259; (2) Brighouse Bay, Kirkcudbright, 3rd C. finds (NX 638459): p.259; (3) Annandale Roman road: (i) Dalmakethar Smithy (NY 104905), (ii) Dinwoodie Mains Farm (NY 104913), (iii) Jardine Mains Hall? (NY 107878): pp.259/60.

BORDERS REGION - (1) Newstead/Trimontium, 5th excavation season at fort (NT 571344): pp.260/61. (2) Newstead, marching-camps (NT 578341): p.261.

ENGLAND

HADRIAN'S WALL AND THE NORTHERN COUNTIES

CUMBRIA - (1) Ambleside/Galava ...

II Inscriptions
by M.W.C. Hassall & R.S.O. Tomlin (293)

MONUMENTAL

  1. Brandon, Suffolk (TL 757869): rectangle of lead sheet dredged-up from the Little Ouse river in 1979 at a spot just south of the Hockwold-cum-Winton R-B site; inscribed in "New Roman Cursive" (text reconstructed): SERADVASORISDVAS ‌ S(I) SER(V)VS SI ANC(I)L(L)A SI LI(BERTVS SI) ‌ LIBERTA SI M(V)LIE[R] ‌ SI BARO POPIA(M) FER(ER)A(M) ‌ EAENEC FVRTVM FECE ‌ R(IT) DOMINO NEPTVNO ‌ COR(V)LO PARE(N)TA(TV)R. pp.293-5, fig.1 & plate.xix.
  2. Weeting with Broomhill, Norfolk (TL 757874): rectangular piece of sheet lead found in early-1970's at R-B site of Hockwold-cum-Winton, inscribed on both sides in "mirror-image" capitals (text reconstructed): S(I) SERVVS SI [L]IB[E](R) [QV] ‌ I [F]VRAVIT SV[ST]VLI ‌ T [NE EI] DEMITTE ‌ [MALE]FIC(I)VM D(V)M ‌ TV VINDI[C]A[S] • ANTE DIES ‌ NOV[E](M) SI PA ‌ [G]A[N]VS SI ‌ MIL[E]S [QVI] ‌ SV[S]TV[L]IT. pp.296/7 & fig.2.
  3. Ribchester/Bremetenacum, Lancashire (SD 651351): part of sandstone altar found in 1982: MATRIBVS ‌ MARV[...] ‌ INSEQVE ‌ NTIS V S ‌ L L M. p.298.
  4. Peel Crag, Northumberland (NY 744676): buff-sandstone building-stone found in 1993 built into Wall west of Turret #39a; a cross formed by two diagonals with a further vertical stroke extending up from the crux: *. A possible unfinished "chi-rho"? p.298.

INSTRVMENTVM DOMESTICVM
only items of military or special note are listed here

  1. LONDON The City/Londinium, 19 Throgmorton Avenue & 21 Austin Friars (TQ 329814): wax-tablet of silver-fir found in 1986 in 2nd C. embankment of Walbrook; no wax remains, text impressed into wood (reconstructed): IMP(ERATORE) TRAIANO [HAD]RI[ANO] CAESARE AVG(VSTO) (ITERVM) GN(AEO) ! FVSCO SALINATORE CO(N)S(VLIBVS) PR(IDIE) IDVS MARTIAS ! CVM VENTVM ESSET IN REM PRAESENTEM ! SILVAM VERLVCIONIVM AREPENNIA DE ! CEM QVINQVE PLVS MINVS QVOD EST IN CI ! VITATE CANTIACORVM PAGO DIBVSSV[...] ! [...]RABI[...]A[...]S ADFINIBVS HEREDIBVS ! ... ET HEREDIBVS CAESENNI VITALIS ET VIA VICINALE QVOD SE EMISSE DICERET L(VCIVS) ! IVLIVS BELLICVS DE T(ITO) VALERIO SILVINO ! (DENARIIS) QVARDAGINTA SICVT EMPTIONE CON ! TINETVR ! L(VCIVS) IVLIVS BELLICVS TESTATVS ET SE. pp.302/3 & fig.4 p.304.
  2. GREATER LONDON Southwark, Courage Brewery (TQ 324 802): lead ansate tag found in 1984 in fill of medieval pit, inscribed in cursive script: C Q CORNIILI ‌ VIIRIICVNDI. p.304 & fig.5 p.305.
  3. NORFOLK Burgh Castle/Gariannum (TQ 324 802): lead seal found in 1993 north of fort, decorated with a tree, a stag and the letters: P B S, within a roundel. p.305 & fig.6.
  1. GWENT (MONMOUTHSHIRE) Caerleon/Isca, Riding School Field, Mill Street (ST 341909): top part of "Rhodian" amphora found in 1985 in the canabae NE of the fortress, probably used to transport either sweet wine or honey; inscribed on neck and shoulder: LEG II AVG • III ‌ ΛΛCII ‌ PERPRIMVM. pp.310-12 & fig.9.