Britannia XXVI (1995) Index

Kenneth St. Joseph (1912-1994) ix
George C. Boon (1927-1994) xiii

Main Articles

Inventing Britain: the Roman Creation and Adaptation of an ImageP.C.N. Stewart1
The Temple of Divus Claudius at CamulodunumDuncan Fishwick11
Were there two Antonine Occupations of Scotland?N. Hodgson29*
The Roman Temporary Camp at Dunning, Perthshire: Evidence from two Recent ExcavationsA.J. Dunwell & L.J.F. Keppie51*
Excavations at Alstone Cottage, Caerleon, 1970P.J. Casey & B. Hoffmann63
The Quarters of the Legionary Centurions of the PrincipateBirgitta Hoffmann107
Interpretatio: Roman World Power and the Celtic GodsJane Webster153
Classical Reception Rooms in Romano-British HousesSimon P. Ellis163*
Site Finds in Roman BritainRichard Reece179
Procuratorial Tile Stamps from LondonI.M. Betts207!
North African Amphorae in Roman Britain: a Re-appraisalDavid Williams & Cesar Carreras231
Aerial Reconnaissance and Excavation at Littleborough-on-Trent, Notts.D.N. Riley, P.C. Buckland & J.S. Wade253!
Visions of Power: Imagery and Symbols in Late Iron Age BritainJohn Creighton285

Notes

A Large Stone relief from the Roman Small Town of Sandy, Bedfordshire by G. Appleton & M. Dawson (303)
An Onyx Cameo from Silchester by M. Henig (306)
A Finger Ring from Clifton Down by V. Hitchinson Pennanen & M. Henig (308)
The Legionary Hospital at Inchtuthil by C. Martin (309)
The Corbridge Lanx and the Emperor Julian by O. Nicholson (312)
Excavations and Roman England by the RCHME (315)
A Lead Tank Fragment from Brough, Notts. (Roman Crococalana by D.J. Watts (318)
More Artefacts from the Thetford Treasure? by A. Chadburn (323)
A Roman Lead-sealing of Carausius from Gloucestershire by H.P.G. Williams (323)

Roman Britain in 1994

I Sites Explored
by B.C. Burnham, L.J.F. Keppie & A.S. Esmonde Cleary (325)

WALES

CLWYD - (1) Plas Coch, Wrexham, 1st-4th C. occupation evidence (SJ 326517): p.326 & fig.2 p.327; (2) St Asaph, Denbigh Road, Chester-Caernarfon Roman road, Margary#67a (SJ 0401 7422): p.326.

POWYS - (1) Clawdd Coch, Llanymynech, military sites (SJ 247201): p.326; (2) Llanymynech hillfort, limestone dump-rampart (SJ 267227): p.328; (3) Caersws northern Roman road; Llanerfyl, Maes Celynog (SJ 048121 to SJ 053126), Benbowys Wood (SJ 057137), Dolwar Fach (SJ 067147 & SJ 066151), Fridd Llwidiarth (SJ 067157), Llyn Lwydiarth (SJ 066161), Melin Wnfa (SJ 063170), Tynshettin (SJ 059177), Rhiwlas (SJ 055185): p.328; (4) Castel Collen-Caersws Roman road; (i) Cefn Draenog (SO 034648 - 033649 - 032650), Gilfach (SO 028653), Nantmynach (SO 013666), Criafol (SO 010669), Gaufron (SN 997683, 995687), Banc Gellilas (SN 982706), Glan-yr-afon (SN 983722), Eisteddle (SN 983770), Park (SN 983797), (ii) Glanfeinion, Llandinam (SO 0148 8602): p.328.

DYFED - (1) Dolaucothi, geophysical survey (SN 646402): p.328; (2) Carmarthen, western Roman road; Pwll-y-Hwyaid Farm, Whitland (SN 199174), Trewynt Farm, Bethesda (SN 081185), Whiston School (SN 021182): p.329; (3) Carmarthen-Llanio Roman road; Waun Fawr Farm, Aber-Giar (SN 503414), Lampeter Sewage Works (SN 5739 4745): p.329.

- (1) Blaen Crymlyn Farm coin hoard of 1,400 folles/nummi dated 294-309AD (SS 9385 8565): p.329; (2) Neath/Nidum early-2nd C. finds (SS 7482 9765): p.329; (3) Penydarren samian pottery (SO 0560 0775): p.329.

SOUTH GLAMORGAN - (1) Llandough, Great House Farm, monastic cemetery with Roman origins (ST 168733): pp.329/30.

GWENT - (1) Abergavenny/Gobannium, Monk Street evaluation (SO 3008 1418): p.330; (2) Caerleon/Isca Silurum, Endowed School, tabernae (ST 3386 9061): p.330; (3) Caerwent/Venta Silurum, forum-basilica (ST 467907): pp.330/1; (4) Monmouth/Blestium, evidence of metal-working and industry, (i) Chippenham Mead (SO 5065 1254), (ii) Monnow Street (SO 5055 1255): p.331; (5) Usk/Burrium, 1st-4th C. occupation evidence, (i) Usk Prison (SO 3782 1254), (ii) Fields S of fortress (SO 3795 0024): p.331;

SCOTLAND

TAYSIDE REGION - (1) Ardoch fort, "RAF thermal linescan imaging" (NN 839099): p.332; (2) Longforgan marching-camp, annexe (NO 297300): p.332 & fig.3 p.333; (3) Kirriemuir Roman road (NO 365525 - NO 378554): p.332; (4) Inchyra, St Madoes, hoard of 8 denarii (NO 1835 201[sic]): p.332.

ANTONINE WALL - (1) Carriden fort, Roman floors (NT 025807): pp.332/3, fig.4 p.334 & fig.5 p.335; (2) Bo'ness, Drum Farm, negative results (NT 016808): p.333; (3) Castlecary fort, geophysical survey (NS 790783): pp.333/4; (4) Garnhall, Castlecary Village, circular enclosure & marching-camp (NS 780779): p.334; (5) Croy Village, Girnal Hill, drainage? ditch (NS 718762): p.335; (6) Kirkintilloch, Hillhead, course of Wall (NS 663742): p.336; (7) Bearsden, 39 Roman Road, line of Wall (NS 547720): p.336; (8) Old Kilpatrick, Gavinburn Bus Depot, limited excavation within fort (NS 460732): p.336.

CENTRAL REGION - (1) Pirnhall, Camelon-Stirling Roman road (NS 804888): p.336

STRATHCLYDE REGION - (1) Mollins fort, geophysical survey (NS 713718): pp.336/7; (2) Bothwellhaugh watching-brief N of fort (NS 734577): p.337; (3) Beattock marching-camp (NT 085020): p.337, fig.6 p.338 & fig.7 p.339.

LOTHIAN REGION - (1) Inveresk, Eskgrove, civil settlement E of fort (NT 348721): p.337.

BORDERS REGION - (1) Newstead/Trimontium fort and S annexe (NT 571344): pp.337-341 & figs8/9; (2) Lilliesleaf, 1st C. native farmstead (NT 543255): p.341; (3) Peebles, hoard of 290 denarii (NT2540): p.342; (4) Oxnam, Cunzierton, Dere Street, iron adze (NT 751173): p.342.

ENGLAND

HADRIAN'S WALL AND THE NORTHERN COUNTIES

CUMBRIA - (1) Farnhill ...

II Inscriptions
by M.W.C. Hassall & R.S.O. Tomlin (371)

MONUMENTAL

  1. Uley, Gloucestershire (ST 789996): sheet lead oblong inscribed in "Old Roman Cursive" script, found in 1978 in West Hill Temple of Mercury (reconstructed text): DEO MERCVRIO MINTL ‌ A RVFVS DONAVI ‌ EOS VEL MVLIER VEL ‌ PARIVSLIIFASPATEM ‌ [MA]TERIAM SAGI • DONAVI. pp.371-373 & fig.1.
  2. ibid.: sheet lead trapezoid, inscribed both sides in "Old Roman Cursive" (reconstructed text): [DEO] SANCTO MERCVRI[O QVE]R[OR] ‌ TIBI DE ILLIS QVI MIHI MALE ‌ COGITANT ET MALE FACIVNT ‌ SVPRA ED[...]S IVMENT[...] ‌ SI SERVVS SI LIBER SI M[ASCEL] ‌ SI [FEM]INA UT NON ILLIS PER ‌ MITTAS NEC ST[R]E NEC ‌ SEDERE NEC BIBERE • NEC MANDVCAR[E] N[E]C H[AS] ‌ [I]R[A]S REDEMERE POSSIT ‌ NESSI SANGVINE SVO AENE... .... pp.373-376 & figs.2a/b.
  3. ibid.: crescent of lead sheet (reconstructed text): AVNILLVS ‌ V[ICA]RIANA ‌ COVITIVS ‌ MINI (F) DONA[T] VARICILLVM ‌ MINVRA ‌ ATAVACVM ‌ ... ‌ .... pp.376/7 & fig.3.
  4. ibid. irregular piece of sheet lead (reconstructed text): LVCILIA ‌ MELLOSI (F) ‌ AEXSIEVMO ‌ MINV(V)ASSVS ‌ SENEBEL[L] ‌ ENAE (F). pp.378/9 & fig.4.
  5. Bath/Aquae Sulis (ST7564) or Ilchester/Lindinis (ST5222): part of small limestone altar found c.1994: CLEMEINTFI[...] ‌ PROSEETSV[...] ‌ EXVISVP[...]. p.379.
  6. South Shields/Arbeia, Tyne & Wear (NZ 365679): buff-sandstone building stone found in 1994 outside SE defences of fort: LEGVIVICPF ‌ COHIII ‌ [...]. pp.379/80.
  7. Corbridge/Coria, Northumberland, Town Field (NY 996648): three pieces of buff-sandstone altar found in 1994: VO[...] ‌ [...]AEL[...] ‌ [...]. p.380.
  8. Risingham/Habitancum, Northumberland (NY 904855): buff-sandstone altar fragment found in 1993 at Parkhead Farm, c. 1.25 km SE of fort: The two discernable lines of text cannot be read. p.380.

INSTRVMENTVM DOMESTICVM
only items of military or special note are listed here

  1. Carlisle/Luguvalium (NY 3993 5609): iron spearhead found in an early-2nd C. context in 1988 at 48 Fisher Street, inscribed on socket: SIIN. p.380 & fig.5 p.381.
  1. Chesters/Cilurnum (NY 913701): oval lead seal found 1991 in the W bridge abutment, inscribed both sides: AIIA • TDD. p.382.
  1. Caersws (SO 028920): sherds of South-Gaulish Drag.27 samian cup found in 1990 in fort's latera praetorii; stamped on base: [V]IDVCOS; inscribed on outer face: BOVD[...]OAST, possibly: Boud[us c(o)h]o(rtis) Ast(urum). p.388.