Britannia XXVIII (1997) Index

Main Articles

Explaining ptolemy's Roman BritainAlastair Strang1
The Provincial Centre at Camulodunum: Towards an Historical ContextDuncan Fishwick31
The London Amphitheatre: Excavations 1987-1996N.C.W. Bateman51
Silchester: Excavations at the North Gate, on the North Wall, and oin the Northern Suburbs 1988 and 1991-3Michael Fulford, Stephen Rippon, Steve Ford, Jane Timby & Brian Williams87
Caerleon Lodge Hill Cemetery: the Abbeyfield Site 1992Edith Evans & D.J. Maynard169
Words and Pictures: The Interpretation of Romano-British TombstonesValerie M. Hope245!
Mosaics in Roman Britain: Discoveries and Research Since 1945Roger Ling259
Provenance of Coals from Roman Sites in England and WalesA.H.V. Smith297
Roman Mining at Dolaucothi: the Implications of the 1991-3 Excavations near the Carreg PumsaintBarry C. Burnham325!

Notes

The Origins and Development of the 'Small Town' of Cunetio, Mildenhall, Wiltshire by Mark Corney (337)
Letocetum: an Early Vexillation Fortress? by Jim Gould (350)
The Handle of a Toilet-Knife in the Form of a Bust of Minerva from the North York Moors by Martin Henig (353)
The Romano-British Settlement at Shapwick, Dorset by Martin Papworth (354)
Roman Chain-Mail: Experiments to Reproduce the Techniques of Manufacture by David Sim (359)
Some Roman Place-Names in Lancashire and Cumbria by Ian G. Smith (372)
A Roman Lead Sealing from Goodnestone near Canterbury by Michael Still (383)
A Roman Child Burial with Animal Figurines and Pottery, from Godmanchester, Cambridgeshire by Alison Taylor (386)

Roman Britain in 1996

I - Sites Explored
by B.C. Burnham, L.J.F. Keppie & A.S. Esmonde Cleary (395)

WALES

BRIDGEND - (1) Corntown, Roman redware pottery (SS 916773): p.397.

CARMARTHENSHIRE, CEREDIGION AND PEMBROKESHIRE - (1) Dyfed, Roman roads, Llanfair Clydogau (SN 599506), Llanybydder (SN 528443), Llanllwni (SN 411501 - 483387), Eastern Cleddau (SN 070188), Wiston (SN 013183): pp.397/8.

GWYNEDD - (1) Llyn Hirathlyn, Roman practice-works (SH 741368): pp.397-9 & figs.3/4; (2) Brithdir-Caer Gai, Roman road (SH 772189 - 878315): p.399.

MONMOUTHSHIRE - (1) Caerwent/Venta Silurum, occupation evidence (ST 4650 9064): p.399; (2) Dixton, Roman Iron-smelting (SO 5160 3151): p.399; (3) Monmouth, Hancocks Orchard, Nailer's Lane, Roman levels (SO 506128): pp.399/400; (4) Rogiet, 2nd Century stone building (ST 456829): p.400; (5) Trellech, Hygga Farm, occupation surface (SO 362044): p.400; (6) Trostrey, two forts E of church (SO 362044): p.400; (7) Undy, (a) Oak Crest, Vinegar Hill, Roman grave (ST 435872), (b) St Mary's Church, human bone (ST 440868): pp.400/401; (8) Usk/Burrium Prison, 2nd C. building (SO 3883 0035): p.401.

NEATH PORT TALBOT - (1) Banwen, 'Sarn Helen' Roman road (SN 8572 0993): p.401; (2) Neath/Nidum, Neath College, vicus (SS 7482 9765): p.401.

NEWPORT - (1) Bulmore, (a) Roman road, Celtic Manor Golf Course (ST 3645 9165), (b) Catsash Road, Roman road (ST 3650 9090 - 3680 9086), (c) 2nd/3rd C. kiln producing 'Caerleon Ware' (ST 3680 9140), (d) cist burial (ST 3676 9139), (e) Abernant Farm, minor road (ST 371916): pp.401/2 & fig.5; (2) Caerleon/Isca, (a) University of Wales College of Newport, scarcophagus & skeleton C14 dated 140-230AD (ST 336913), (b) Mill Street, canabae, 2nd C. occupation (ST 3415 9084): p.403; (3) Coedkernew, Great Pencarn Farm, late-2nd to early-4th C. pottery (ST 283834): p.403; (4) Goldcliff, Hill Farm, possible settlement (ST 368825): p.403.

PEMBROKESHIRE - (1) Castell Henllys, Nevern, R-B settlement (SN 117391): pp.403/4.

POWYS - (1) Abertanat, marching-camps (SJ 245 208): p.404; (2) Carno to Newtown, overhead power-line, Roman roads (SO 1492 9359 & SN 9525 9793): p.404; (3) Castell Collen, Llandrindod Wells fort (SO 0562 6288): p.404; (4) Llewyn-y-Brain, Caersws, Sewage Treatment Works, fort rampart (SO 0370 9248): p.404; (5) Caersws, Roman road, Vyrnwy crossing (SJ 058137): pp.404/5.

SCOTLAND

NORTH OF THE ANTONINE WALL

ABERDEENSHIRE - (1) Kintore marching-camp (NJ 788166): p.405.

FIFE - (1) Auchtermuchty marching-camp (NO 242118): p.405.

PERTH AND KINROSS - (1) Ardoch fort, geophysical survey (NN 839099): pp.405/6; (2) Shielhill North, watch-tower, resistivity survey (NN 856122): p.406; (3) Shielhill South, watch-tower, excavation (NN 850115): p.406 & fig.6; (4) Upper Quoigs, possible watch-tower, resistivity survey (NN 822063): p.406; (5) Blackhill Wood, watch-tower, resistivity survey (NN 845107): p.406; (6) East Coldoch, suspected Roman watch-tower is I-A round-house (NS 703986): p.406; (7) Cultmalundie Wood, Roman road (NO 031209 - 034210): p.406.

ANTONINE WALL

FALKIRK - (1) Drum Farm, Carriden, cropmark sites (NT 015808): pp.406/8; (2) Mumrills, fort praetorium (NS 918794): p.408; (3) Callendar Park, Falkirk (NS 897796): p.408; (4) Rough Castle, ford E of fort (NS 847799): p.408.

NORTH LANARKSHIRE - (1) Garnhall marching-camp, Castlecary village (NS 785780): p.408.

SOUTH OF THE ANTONINE WALL

CITY OF EDINBURGH - Cramond fort, east road (NT 194767): p.408.

MIDLOTHIAN - (1) Carlops marching-camp annexe (NT 171572): p.408 & fig.7 p.409; (2) Thornybank, Dalkeith, burial cemetery (NT 348689): pp.408/9.

EAST LOTHIAN - (1) Inveresk fort, St Michael's Churchyard & Inveresk Gate, resistivity survey & excavation (NT 342720): p.410.

DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY - (1) Buittle Motte, Dalbeattie, multi-period occupation (NX 818616): p.410; (2) Applegarth, Lockerbie, possible marching-camp (NY 103838): p.410; (3) Ewes Doors, possible watch-tower (NY 372986): p.410; (4) Birrens/Blatobulgium (a) fieldwork in W annexe, (b) resistivity survey N of fort, (c) Antonine buildings in S part of fort (NY 219751): p.410/11 & fig.8.

SCOTTISH BORDERS - (1) Springwood park, Kelso, various 1st-4th C. finds (NT 721334): p.412; (2) Maxton marching-camp (NT 614304): p.412; (3) Newstead/Trimontium fort, (a) excavation of amphitheatre, (b) geophysical survey of fort, (c) possible road, (NT 571344): p.412 & figs.9/10 pp.413/4; (4) Sprouston, samian-ware and coins (NT 755353): p.412; (5) Easter Happrew, Lyne, Flavian pottery & metalwork (NT 196401): p.412; (6) Press Mains, Coldingham, Corbie Hill postulated fort (NT 882653): p.412;

ENGLAND

HADRIAN'S WALL & NORTHERN COUNTIES

CUMBRIA - (1) Bowness-on-Solway ...

II Inscriptions
by R.S.O. Tomlin (455)

MONUMENTAL

  1. Hamble Estuary, Hants (ST4808): rectangle of sheet lead with 4th C. cursive text (restored): DOMINE NEPTUNE TIBI DONO HOMINEM QVI SOLIDVM INVOLAVIT MVCONI ET ARGENTIOLOS SEX IDEO DONO NOMINA QVI DECEPIT SI MASCEL SI FEMINA SI PVER SI PVVELLA. IDEO DONO TIBI NISKE ET NEPTVNO VITAM VALITUDINEM SANGVEM EIVS QVI CONSCIVS FVERIS EIVS DECEPTIONIS. ANIMVS QVI HOC INVOLAVIT ET QVI CONSCIVS FVERIT VT EVMDECIPIAS. FVREM QVI HOC INVOLAVIT SANGVEM EIIVS CONSUMAS ET DECIPIAS DOMINE NEPTVNE.. pp.455-7 & fig.1.
  2. Caerleon/Isca, Mill Street, Riding School Field (ST 341909): 3 pieces of sandstone tombstone found in 1986 outside the NE gate of fortress: [D] M ‌ [...]NGEN[...] ‌ [...]OM[...]. pp.458/9 & fig.2.
  3. ibid.: fragment of sandstone gabled tombstone: D [M] ‌ [1-2]NVM[...] ‌ FIL[...]. p.459 & fig.3.

INSTRVMENTVM DOMESTICVM
only items of military or special note are listed here

  1. Poulton, 4 miles N of Holt (SJ 404584): fragment of tegula tile found in 1996 bearing part of legionary stamp: [LEGXX]VV. p.460.
  1. Ravenglass/Itunocelum (SD 087957): three fragments of bronze military diploma found in 1995 on foreshore near fort (restored): IMP CAESAR DIVI HADRIANI F DIVI TRAIANI PART NEPOS DIVI NERVAE PRON T AELIUS HADRIANVS ANTONINVS AVG PIVS PONT MAX TRIB POT XXI IMP II COS IV P P EQVIT ET PEDIT QVI MIULIT IN ALIS IV QVAE APPEL AVG GALL PROCVL ET I TVNGR ET I HISP AST ET SEBOS GALL ET COH XVII III BRAC AVG ET V GALL ET II LING ET I AEL DACOR ET I DELM ET I AEL CLASS ET I HAM ET II GALL ET I CeltIBER ET IV LING ET I FRISIAVON ET I AVG NER GERM [M] ET IV GALL ET VII THRAC ET I VANG ET I VARDVLLOR [M] ET I THRAC ET SVNT IN BRITANN SVB IVLIO VERO LEG QVIN ET VICEN PLVRIBVE STIP EMERIT DIMISS HONESTA MISSION QVOR NOMIN SVBSCRIPTA SVNT CIVITAT ROMAN QVI EOR NON HABER DED ET CONUB CUM VXORIB QVAS TVNC HABVISS CVM EST CIVIT IIS DAT AVT CVM IIS QVAS POSTEA DVXISS DVMTAX SINGVLIS
    A D III K MAR SEX SVLPIVIO TERTVLLO Q TINEIO SACERDOTE COS
    COHORT I AEL CLASS CVI PRAEEST [...] CAEDICIVS SEVERVS EX EQVITE [...] CASSI F HELIOP
    DESCRIPT ET RECOGNIT EX TABVLA AEREA QVAE FIXA EST ROM IN MVR POST TEMPL DIVI AVG AD MINERV
    . pp.463/4.
  1. South Shields/Arbeia (NZ 365679): lead seal found unstratified in 1996, impressed on both sides: AL+S • IGD. p.466. ["Ala Sebosiana. Julius G[...] Decurion."]