Ivinghoe Beacon

Buckinghamshire


NGRef: SP960168
OSMap: LR165
Sitetype: BAs/IAf

Iron-Age Hillfort

Evidently one of the oldest hillforts in Britain, this pear-shaped enclosure stands beside the Icknield Way and was protected by a single box-rampart of timber and chalk rubble, fronted by a wide, deep ditch cut into the chalk of the hillside. These defenses were augmented on the south by an extra ditch, and there was a 10 foot (3m) wide, post-lined entrance passage on the east. The interior of the fort contains traces of rectangular and circular huts, and excavations at the site have unearthed metalwork and pottery finds which indicate an initial occupation pehaps as early as the 8th/7th centuries BC.