Bredon Hill, Hereford & Worcester
Protected by cliffs on two sides, and by two ramparts & ditches
on the south, this promontory fort occupies a north-projecting spur of
Bredon Hill. Two sets of defenses were built at different periods and
were widely spaced:
- The primary defenses have been dated to c.300BC, and
consisted of an 8ft deep rock-cut ditch backed by a rampart of dumped
rock and clay which protected an area of 11 acres at the northern tip of
the promontory. A central gap in the ditch was slightly off-set from
the corresponding gap in the rampart, creating a staggered entrance. A
circular hut 12ft in diameter was unearthed within the enclosed area,
which was found to contain a storage pit and water drainage and
collection facilities very similar to houses of the same period found in
Cornwall. The round-house has been dated to c.200BC.
- The secondary outer defences have been dated to c.150BC.
These consisted of a dump rampart with a drystone facing fronted by a
6ft deep v-shaped ditch and separated by a narrow berm. This embankment
cuts off 22 acres of the promontory, doubling the available space.
Entrances were formed by curling the ends of the rampart inwards for a
length of some 140ft, forming two long in-turned entrances which opened
out into the area between the two sets of embankments. Circular huts and
storage pits dotted the interior. The gateway throug the inner defences
were modified during this period, into a simple 25ft wide entrance gap.
The fort was attacked and destroyed early in 1st century AD, possibly
by Belgic raiders prior to the Roman invasion. The inner gate was
destroyed by fire and the mutilated bodies of over 50 young men were
strewn about the area. A row of heads on poles was also displayed above
the razed gateway.