Sutton Walls

Sutton St. Michael, Here & Worc


NGRef: SO525464
OSMap: LR149
Sitetype: IAf

Iron-Age Hillfort

Sutton Walls Hillfort Iron Age Sutton St Michael 149(SO:525464) One of the scandals of British archaeology, this elongated ovoid fort of 12ha has had much of its interior removed fo gravel; this has left a quarry now used as a dump for toxic waste. The first occupation of the site in the early Iron Age did not involve defenses. By 100 BC, a V-shaped ditch and an internal bank revetted with timber and drystone had been built, and huts were constructed later. Around AD 25, the defenses were strengthened; but in AD 48, 24 people were killed - probably by the Romans - and thrown into the ditch: their skeletons bear wounds, and some were decapitated. However, the fort remained occupied until at least the 3rd century. Finds in Hereford Museum.
tSGtBA, p.1157
Sutton Walls, hill-fort (SO/525464) 4 miles N of Hereford, reached by a track N from Sutton St Michael. Finds in Hereford Museum. - This hill-fort is an elongated oval in plan, its defended area being about 29 acres. Fortification consists of a ingle massive bank and ditch, further protection being afforded by the steep sides of this hill. There are original entrances at the E and W ends. The former is a simple break in the earthworks. The latter, slightly narrower, is better protected because the S bank of the hill-fort extendsW to cover the approach to it. This extension is not now obvious because it has been cut through by a modern path. The passage through each entrance has been hollowed out with use. The gaps through the N and S sides of the camp are modern. Excavation has shown that the hill was occupied before the hill-fort was built. By about the 4th or 3rd century the rampart was erected, material being provided by a ditch outside and from wide shallow scoops within. Huts were built in these. The ditch was V-shaped and nearly 15 ft. deep. Before the Roman conquest the rampart was heightened and the ditch widened. The W entrance, and probably the whole rampart, were faced either with timber or stone.
GtPE, pp.150/1