Military Diplomata

L' Année Épigraphique 1997.1779a; c.126AD

This document is damaged down the left hand side and is missing the bottom portion, which would have contained the date it was issued, the name of its recipient and his old regiment, a declaration of authenticity and the names of several witnesses. The document records that 8 cavalry units and 27 infantry and part-mounted regiments in the army of the propraetor Trebius Germanus recieved discharges, but several of these names have been lost. We are fortunate in that two of these discharge certificates have been found, both damaged, but between the two texts it is possible to reconstruct the majority of the original content. See AE 1997.1779b.

[IMPERATOR CAESAR DI]VI TRAIANI PARTHICI F DIVI NERVAE
[NEPOS TRAIAN]VS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS TRIBVNICIA
[POTESTATE] XI CONSVL III
[EQVITIBVS ET PEDITIBVS QVI MILITAVERVNT IN ALIS VIII ET COHORTIBVS XXVII QVAE APPELLANTVR AVGVSTA
[GALLORVM PROCVLEIANA ET A]VGVSTA VOCONTIORVM CIVIVM ROMANORVM
ET I PANNONIORVM SABINIANA ET GALLORVM SEBOSIANA ET
[... ET II] ASTVRVM ET GALLORVM PETRINIANA MILLARIA CIVIVM ROMANORVM ET I HISPANORVM ASTVRVM
[ET I ... ET I NERVIA GE]RMANORVM MILLARIA ET I CELTIBERORVM ET I THRACVM ET I HISPANORVM ET I
[... ET I ...] ET I SVNVCORVM ET I HAMIORVM SAGITTARIA ET I AQVITANORVM ET I
[FRISIAVONVM ET I TVNG]RORVM MILLARIA ET I AELIA DACORVM MILLARIA ET II GALLORVM
[ET II PANNONIORVM ET II ASTVRVM ET I]I DELMATARVM ET II NERVIORVM ET II LINGONVM ET III
[NERVIORVM ET III BRACARAVGVSTANORVM ET III]I GALLORVM ET IIII LINGONVM ET IIII BREVCORVM
[ET V GALLORVM ET VI NERVIORVM ET VII] THRACVM ET SVNT IN BRITTANIA
[SVB TREBIO G]ERMAN[O QV]INIS ET VICENIS PLVRIBVSVE STIPENDIS EMERITIS
[DIMISSIS HONESTA MI]SSIONE QVORVM [NOMINA S]VBSCRIPTA SVNT IPSIS LIBERIS
[POSTERISQVE EORVM CIVITATEM D]EDIT ET CONVBIVM [CVM VXORIBVS] QVAS TVNC HABVISSENT
[CVM EST CIVITAS II]S DATA AVT SI QVI CA]ELIBES ESSENT CVM IIS QVAS
[POSTEA DVXISSENT DVM]TAXAT [SINGVLI SING]VLAS
Imperator Caesar Trajanus Hadrianus Augustus, son of the divine Trajan Parthicus, grandson of the divine Nerva, Father of the Fatherland, tribunician power eleven times, Consul three times. To the horsemen and foot-soldiers who are serving in the eight cavalry wings and twenty-seven cohorts which are named:
Ala Augusta Gallorum Proculeiana
Ala Augusta Vocontiorum civium Romanorum
Ala I Pannoniorum Sabiniana
Ala Gallorum Sebosiana
[...]
Ala II Asturum
Ala Gallorum Petriniana milliaria civium Romanorum
Ala I Hispanorum Asturum
[...]
Cohors I Sunucorum
Cohors I Hamiorum Sagittaria
Cohors I Aquitanorum
Cohors Primae Frisiavonum
Cohors Primae Tungrorum milliaria
Cohors Primae Aelia Dacorum milliaria
Cohors Secundae Gallorum
Cohors Secundae Pannoniorum
Cohors Secundae Asturum
Cohors Secundae Dalmatarum
Cohors Secundae Neviorum
[Cohors Secundae Lingonum]
Cohors Tertiae Lingonum
Cohors Tertiae Bracaraugustanorum
Cohors Quartae Gallorum
Cohors Quartae Lingonum
Cohors Quartae Breucorum
Cohors Quintae Gallorum
Cohors Sextae Nerviorum
Cohors Septimae Thracum
which are in Britain under Trebius Germanus. The veteran soldiers who have served twenty-five years or more, and received an honourable discharge and whose names are written below. To them and to their children for posterity has been granted the citizenship. Also lawful marriage to their wives they have at that time they are assigned the citizenship, or, if they were unmarried, with those whom they later marry, provided that it be only one woman for one man.

[...]

The Latin text of AE 1997.1779a was obtained from Gnomon Online (WebSite in German). The English translation of the diploma, including any inherent mistakes, is my own. TOGO