Military Diplomata

Burn 100; CIL XVI.65; dated: July 17th 122AD

In excellent condition, this discharge certificate was found in 1930 at Brigetio in Pannonia, now known as O-Szöny on the Danube in western Hungary; evidently the soldier to whom it once belonged went home after his military service in Ala Primae Pannoniorum Tampianae in Britain. This important document has since been acquired by the British Museum. It names 13 cavalry alae and 37 infantry and mixed cohortes - the largest number recorded on any diploma throughout the Roman empire. It is thought that this list represents the entire auxiliary force assigned to the governor Aulus Platorius Nepos, with which he was to garrison the north of Britain while his legionary troops were set to work building the forts, milecastles, turrets and curtain rampart of Hadrian's Wall.

IMP CAESAR DIVI TRAIANI PARTHICI F DIVI NERVAE NEPOS TRA
IANVS HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS PONTIFEX MAXIMVS TRIBV
NIC POTESTAT • VI • COS • III • PROCOS
EQVITIB ET PEDITIB QVI MILITAVERVNT IN ALIS DECEM ET TRIB ET COH
TIB TRIGINTA ET SEPTEM QVAE APPELLANTVR I PANNONIOR SABINIAN
ET I PANNON TAMPIAN ET I HISPAN ASTVR ET I TVNGROR ET II ASTVR
ET GALLOR PICENTIAN ET GALLOR ET THRAC CLASSIANA CR ET GALLOR
PETRIANA ∞ CR ET GALLOR SEBODIANA ET VETTON HISPAN CR ET
AGRIPPIANA MINIATA ET AVG GALLOR ET AVG VOCONTIOR CR ET I
NERVIA GERMAN CR ET I CELTIBEROR ET I TRAC ET I AFROR CR ET I
LINGON ET I FID VARDVLLOR ∞ CR ET I FRISIAVON ET I VANGION
∞ ET I HAMIOR SAGITT ET I DELMAT ET I AQVITAN ET I VLPIA TRAIA
NA CVGERN CR ET I MORIN ET I MANAPIOR ET I SVNVCOR ET I BETA
SIOR ET I BATAVOR ET I TVNGROR ET I HISPAN ET II GALLOR ET II
VASCON CR ET II THRAC ET II LINGON ET II ASTUR ET II DELMATAR
ET II NERVIOR ET III NERVIOR III BRACAROR ET III LINGON
 
ET IV GALLOR ET IV BREVCOR ET IV DELMATAR ET V RAETOR
ET V GALLOR ET VI NERVIOR ET VII THRAC QVAE SVNT IN BRITAN
NIA SVB A PLATORIO NEPOTE QVINQVE ET VIGINTI STIPENDIS
EMERITIS DIMISSIS HONESTA MISSIONE PER POMPEIVM
FALCONEM • QVORM • NOMINA SVBSCRIPTA SVNT IPSIS LIBE
RIS POSTERISQ EORVM CIVITATEM DEDIT ET CONVM ET VXO
RIB QVAS TVNC HABVISSENT CVM EST CIVITAS IIS DATA
AVT SI QVI CAELIBES ESSENT CVM IIS QVAS POSTEA DVXIS
SENT DVMTAXAT SINGVLI SINGVLAS AD XIV K AVG
TI IVLIO CAPITON ET L VITRASIO FLAMININO COS
 
ALAE I PANNONIOR TAMPIANAE   CVI PRAEST
FABIVS SABINVS
EX SESQVIPLICARIO
GEMELLO BREVCI F PANNON
DESCRIPTUM ET RECOGNITVM • EX • TABVLA • AENEA QVAE FIXA EST
ROMAE IN MVRO POST TEMPLVM DIVI AVG AD MINERVAM
 
TI•CLAVDI
A•FVLVI
TI•IVLI
L•PVLLI
L•NONI
Q•LOLLI
L•PVLLI

 
MENANDRI
IVSTI
VRBANI
DAPHNI
VICTORIS
FEST[I
ANT[
Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus, son of the divine Trajanus Parthicus, grandson of the divine Nerva, High Priest, holding tribunician power for the sixth time, three times consul, proconsul. For the cavalrymen and foot-soldiers who have served in the thirteen cavalry wings and thirty-seven cohorts which are named
Ala I Pannoniorum Sabiniana [Halton Chesters?]
Ala I Pannoniorum Tampiana []
Ala I Hispanorum Asturum [Benwell?]
Ala I Tungrorum []
Ala II Asturum [Ribchester? RIB 586]
Ala Gallorum Picentiana [Malton?]
Ala Gallorum et Thracum Classiana civium Romanorum []
Ala Gallorum Petriana milliaria civium Romanorum [Stanwix]
Ala Gallorum Sebosiana [Carlisle?]
Ala Vettonum Hispanorum civium Romanorum [Brecon Gaer? RIB 403]
Ala Agrippiana Miniata [Burn 100]
Ala Augusta Gallorum [Burn 100]
Ala Augusta Vocontiorum civium Romanorum [Newstead? RIB 2121]
Cohors I Nervia Germanorum civium Romanorum [Burgh by Sands? RIB 2041]
Cohors I Celtiberorum []
Cohors I Thracum []
Cohors I Afrorum civium Romanorum [Burn 100]
Cohors I Lingonum []
Cohors I Fida Vardullorum milliaria civium Romanorum []
Cohors I Frisiavonum []
Cohors I Vangionum milliaria []
Cohors I Hamiorum sagittaria []
Cohors I Delmatarum []
Cohors I Aquitanorum []
Cohors I Ulpia Traiana Cugernorum civium Romanorum []
Cohors I Morinorum []
Cohors I Menapiorum []
Cohors I Sunicorum []
Cohors I Betasiorum []
Cohors I Batavorum []
Cohors I Tungrorum []
Cohors I Hispanorum []
Cohors II Gallorum []
Cohors II Vasconorum civium Romanorum []
Cohors II Thracum []
Cohors II Lingonum []
Cohors II Asturum []
Cohors II Delmatarum []
Cohors II Nerviorum []
Cohors III Nerviorum []
Cohors III Bracaraugustanorum []
Cohors III Lingonum []
Cohors IV Gallorum []
Cohors IV Lingonum []
Cohors IV Breucorum []
Cohors IV Delmatarum []
Cohors V Raetorum []
Cohors V Gallorum []
Cohors VI Nerviorum []
Cohors VII Thracum []
which are in Britain under Aulus Platorius Nepos. The veteran soldiers who have served twenty-five years and received an honourable discharge from Pompeius Falco, whose names are written below. To them and to their children for posterity has been granted the citizenship. Also lawful marriage to their wives they have at that time they are assigned the citizenship, or, if they were unmarried, with those whom they later marry, provided that it be only one woman for one man. Dated fourteen days before the calends of August in the consulship of Tiberius Julius Capitonius and Lucius Vitrasius Flamininus (17th July 122AD).
The First Tampian Wing of Pannonians, under the command of Fabius Sabinus, to the ex-sequiplicarius Gemellus, son of Breucus, a Pannonian.
Copied and checked against the tablet of bronze which is set up in Rome on the wall behind the temple of the Divine Augustus and next to that of Minerva.
[Witnessed by]
Tiberius Claudius Menander
Aulus Fulvius Justus
Tiberius Julius Urbanus
Lucius Pullius Daphnus
Lucius Nonius Victor
Quintus Lollius Festus
Lucius Pullius Ant[oninus]

The Latin text of Burn 100/CIL XVI.65 was taken from The Romans in Britain - an Anthology of Inscriptions by A.R. Burn. The English translation of the diploma, including any inherent mistakes, is my own. TOGO