Military Diplomata

CIL VII.1194; Privilegia Militvm dated: late? 105AD

This document names two cavalry alae and eleven infantry (cohortes peditatae) and part-mounted (cohortes equitatae) regiments, in the British army of 105AD. Several of the infantry cohort entries are damaged, as are the names of the document witnesses also the name of the owner of the diploma.

P CAESAR DIVI NERVAE F NERVA TRAIANVS
AVGVSTVS GERMANIC DACICVS PONTIF MAXIMVS
TRIBVNIC POTESTAT VIIII IMP IIII COS V P P
EQVITIBVS ET PEDITIBVS QVI MILITANT IN ALIS
DVABVS ET COHORTIS DECEM ET VNA QVAE
APPELLANTVR TVNGRORVM ET CLASSIANA
C R ET I CELTIBERORVM ET I HISPANORVM
ET I LINGONVM ET I FIDA VARDVLLORVM
ET I FRISIAVONVM ET I NERVIORVM
ET II VASCONVM C R ET II... ET ...
ASTVRVM ET ... PANNONIORVM ET ...
DELMATARVM ET SVNT IN BRITANNIA SVB
... QVI QVINA ET VICENA PLVRAVE STIPENDIA
MERVERVNT QVORVM NOMINA SVBSCRIPTA SVNT
IPSIS LIBERIS POSTERISQVE EORVM CIVITATEM
DEDIT ET CONVBIVM CVM VXORIBVS QVAS
TVNC HABVISSENT CVM EST CIVITAS IIS DATA
AVT SIQVI CAELIBES ESSENT CVM IIS QVAS POSTEA
DVXISSENT DVM TAXAT SINGVLI SINGVLAS
A D III ... C IVLIO BASSO CN AFRANIO DEXTRO COS
...NVM CVI PRAEEST P...RIONI...NIS FILIO ...
For [Im]perator Caesar Nerva Trajanus Augustus Germanicus Dacicus, high priest, holding tribunician power for the ninth time, hailed Imperator in the field four times, consul five times, Father of his Country. To the horsemen and foot-soldiers who are serving in the two cavalry squadrons and eleven infantry cohorts here appended:
Ala [Primae] Tungrorum []
Ala [Gallorum et Thracum] Classiana civium Romanorum []
Cohors Primae Celtiberorum []
Cohors Primae Hispanorum []
Cohors Primae Lingonum []
Cohors Primae Fida Vardullorum []
Cohors Primae Frisiavonum []
Cohors Primae Nerviorum []
Cohors Secundae Vasconum civium Romanorum []
Cohors Secundae [...] []
Cohors [Secundae] Asturum []
Cohors [Secundae] Pannoniorum []
Cohors [Secundae?] Delmatarum []
which are in Britain under [...] Those who have served twenty-five years or more and have received an honourable discharge and whose names are written below. To them and to their children for posterity has been granted the citizenship. Also lawful marriage to their wives they have at that time they are assigned the citizenship, or, if they were unmarried, with those whom they later marry, provided that it be only one woman for one man.
Dated three days before [...] in the consulship of Gaius Julius Bassus and Gnaeus Afranius Dexter (late? 105AD).
From [...]cum under the command of Publius [..., to the former soldier ...]rionus son of [...]nus of the [...].
[Copied and checked against the tablet of bronze which is set up in Rome on the wall behind the temple of the Divine Augustus and next to that of Minerva.]
[Witnessed by ...]

The Latin text of CIL VII.1194 was obtained from Gnomon Online (WebSite in German). The English translation of the diploma, including any inherent mistakes, is my own. TOGO