'Stracathro' Camps These
camps are characterised by four gateways with distinctive defences,
Dalswinton being firmly dated to the Flavian period. They stretch from
the Dalswinton camp in Dumfriesshire to the camp at Auchinhove in
Antonine Camps These
small camps of around 4 or 5 acres all lie in close proximity to the
Antonine Wall. They most likely housed the working parties engaged in
the Wall's construction during the mid-2nd century.
'30-Acre' Camps Each of these camps has four gateways with titulum
outwork defences. They mostly occur along the south-eastern edge of the
highlands from Dunblane in Central to Finavon in Tayside, with a lone
example at Bonnytown in Fife and others suspected at Bellie on the
northern Grampian coast and at Inveresk on the Firth of Forth. Dr. David
J. Breeze assigns all these camps to the Agricolan campaigns, on what
basis I am not certain.
'63-Acre' Camps These camps all possess six gates defended by external tituli;
the camp at Ardoch overlies an Antonine signal-station and therefore
must belong to a later set of campaigns, probably Severan. These camps
mostly occur on the edge of the highland zone in the eastern parts of
Central, Tayside and Grampian, with only three examples occurring in
'120-Acre' Camps These large camps have six gateways with external tituli
defences. They occur in an arc stretching along the edge of the
Highlands from Ardoch in Tayside to Muiryfold near the north Grampian
'165-Acre' Camps These very large camps also have six gates defended by external tituli and mark the passage of almost the entire Roman army of Britain through the lowlands of Scotland.
Marching Camp Groups Also
of interest are the following groups of camps, which possibly relate to
successive campaigns of Severus and his son Caracalla.