NGRef: SE5954
OSMap: LR105
Type: Camp

Roads
None identified

Although 18th century historians reported up to eight camps in the area to the immediate north of York, only two Roman marching camps have been recorded from the air in recent times, at Bootham Stray, a little over 1½ miles (2.5km) due north of the Roman legionary fortress. Severely damaged by ploughing, crossed by hedges and drainage ditches, these camps lie on agricultural land to the immediate west of the Bur Dike between the B1363 minor road and the eastern outskirts of the Rawcliffe suburb of York.

N.G.REF DIMENSIONS AREA DESCRIPTION
Bootham Stray 1, North Yorkshire
SE598548 280 x 492 ft
(85 x 150 m)
c.2½ acres
(1 ha)
This is the more eastward of the pair, of which the complete circuit is known or can be conjectured, all four corner angles having been verified. The entire south side including a centrally-placed internal clavicula gateway is visible at ground level as a very slight earthwork, and the northern and eastern sides each including claviculae have been identified by crop and parch-marks on aerial photographs. The western side and gateway have been lost to the rigours of agriculture, but enough remains of the eastern gateway to verify that the camp faced north. The camp measures some 492 feet north-south by 280 feet east-west (150 x 85 metres), having an internal area a little under 2½ acres (around 1 hectare).
Bootham Stray 2, North Yorkshire
SE596548 265 x 350 ft
(81 x 107 m)
c.2 acres
(0.9 ha)
This camp lies less than 500 feet (150 metres) outside the western defences of camp-1 but is not visible from the ground, having been identified from aerial photographs. Only the south-eastern side is complete, with a centrally-placed internal clavicula gateway and measuring around 350 feet (107 metres) from north-east to south-west. Considerable lengths of the north-eastern and south-western sides, complete with similar gateways, have also been identified from the air, but of the north-western side nothing positive has been recorded. Enough remains however, to suggest that the camp faced north-east and had a probable north-west to south-east dimension of around 265 feet (81 metres) and thus enclosed an area just over 2 acres (0.9 hectares).
See: Roman Camps in England - The Field Archaeology by the R.C.H.M.E.