NGRef: SD5364
OSMap: LR97
Type: Milestone, Pottery Kiln, Industry, Tile Kiln, Possible Settlement

Roads
NE (8) to Calacvm (Burrow in Lonsdale, Lancashire)
SW (4) to Lancaster (Lancaster, Lancashire)

The Artle Beck Milestone at Caton

IMP CAES TR HADRIANO AVG P M T P COS III P P L... M P IIII

"Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, with tribunician power, consul three times,¹ Father of the Fatherland,² four thousand paces from Lunium.³"

(RIB 2272; milestone; 128-38AD)

  1. Hadrian (emperor 117AD - 138), was consul in 108AD, 118 and 119. He held no other consulships.
  2. Hadrian was granted the title Pater Patriae 128AD.
  3. The Roman name for Lancaster was possibly Calunium or Lunium.

The inscription shown above is from a Roman milestone found on the line of the road between Lancaster and Burrow-in-Lonsdale, 4 miles from Calunium and about 8 miles from Calacum, at the point where the road crossed the Artle Beck, a small tributary stream of the River Lune.

SD523622 - A Romano-British pottery kiln and a separate tile kiln have been discovered at Quernmore (SD5261) a short distance to the south of Caton. This stone-built kiln was uncovered in 1970 just south of Lythe Brow to the north of Quernmore, measuring 3 x 3½ feet (0.9 x 1.1 m), the kiln was apparently never never fired. A number of pottery kilns were uncovered here in the 18th century, along with items and fragments of pottery dating to the period 80-150AD. There is another pottery kiln at Low Pleasant to the south of Quernmore (at SD521592), which was excavated during the early-20th century.

See: Britannia II (1971) p.254.