NGRef: NY 264 597
OSMap: Hadrian's Wall, LR86.
Type: Wall Fort
Wall: E (3.5) to Aballava (Burgh by Sands, Cumbria)
Wall: W (3) to Bowness (Bowness on Solway, Cumbria)
Probable Road: SW (4) to Kirkbride (Cumbria)

Concavata - ?

Drumburgh Fort
The South-West Corner of the Fort
Now someone's front lawn

Located on a small drumlin or sandy hillock on the edge of Burgh Marsh overlooking the wide mud-flats of the Eden and Esk estuaries, the Wall fort at Drumburgh lies about 1½ miles north of the Stanegate, half way between the Trajanic fort at Kirkbride and the Hadrianic fort at Burgh-by-Sands.

The only classical reference to the Wall fort at Drumburgh is contained in the Notitia Dignitatum of the early-fifth century, where the Roman name for the station is recorded as Congauata, between the entries for Aballaba (Burgh-by-Sands, Cumbria) and the tentatively identified station Axeloduno (Netherby, Cumbria). The modern name is an amalgamation of Gaelic druim 'round hill, hillock', and Old English burh 'fortified encampment', meaning something along the lines 'the Fort on the Small Hill'.

Excavations conducted in the early twentieth century by Haverfield, reported the width of the Wall foundations at Drumburgh to be 9½ feet (almost 3 metres) wide. It was proved also that the Drumburg fort was an afterthought, being added to the Wall following its original completion. This is also attested by the fort's position, being centrally located between MileCastle 76 and Turret 76A.

The Epigraphy of Concavata

Cohort Stones from the Drumburgh Fort
"The Seventh Cohort [built this]." "[Made by] the Eighth Cohort."
(RIB 2051) (RIB 2052)

Only three inscribed stones have been recovered from the Drumburgh fort and subsequently reported in the RIB; two 'cohort stones' (RIB 2051/2) which record the work of the individual legionary cohorts responsible for building specific portions of the defenses or internal buildings of the fort, also another undesignated short inscription (RIB 2053). All these texts are shown here.

An Undefined Dedicatory Text
"To Pedatura¹ for the protection² of Morucus.³"
(RIB 2053)
  1. The first word may also be tentatively translated 'To the Foot Soldiers', but I am assuming that the inscription is dedicated to an otherwise unknown goddess; the grammar on this stone is extremely difficult.
  2. Assuming that the dative of vindex is meant. The name Vindex is also used as a Roman cognomen, but not in the case of Morucus, although it may be a title of the goddess.
  3. I am assuming that Morucus is the name of the dedicator, though it may be the homeland of the goddess. Alternative readings of this stone may be:
    • "To [the goddess] Pedatura Vindix of Morucus"
    • or even: "For the victorious soldiers of Morucus".

The Drumburgh Garrison

The plan and dimensions of the Drumburgh fort suggest that it housed an auxiliary infantry cohort of five hundred men. It is thought that it was built at the same time as the fort and extension at Segedunum (Wallsend, Tyne & Wear) on the opposite end of the Wall, which housed a similar force, but the original Drumburgh garrison unit(s) left no record of their stay.

Tribunus cohortis secundae Lingonum, Congauata
"The tribune of the Second Cohort of Lingones at Congavata"
(Notitia Dignitatum xl.48; 4th/5th C.)

The fourth century garrison is recorded in the Notitia Dignitatum as Cohors II Lingonum, a five-hundred strong infantry unit enlisted from among the Lingones tribe of Upper Germany. The unit is also attested at other forts in northern England at Ilkley in North Yorkshire (RIB 635), and at Moresby on the Cumbrian Coast (RIB 798 et 800).

Concavata Today

Admission Free Car Parking Nearby Pub
The only visible Roman remains in the vicinity of Drumburgh are a couple of short stretches of the vallum, visible in the fields north-east of The Cottage Camp Site, mid-way between Drumburgh and Bowness. The main road between Carlisle and Bowness makes a right-angle turn in the middle of Drumburgh village, thus preserving the outline of the south-western corner-angle of the Concavata fort, though nothing remains of the fort itself. The stretch of road to the west of the village between the sites of Milecastle 77 and Turret 78B, is built directly upon the foundations of the Wall, but nothing remains of the Wall either.

Concavata Bibliography

See: Hadrian's Wall Map and Guide by the Ordnance Survey (Southampton, 1989);
The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965).
All English translations, including any inherent mistakes, are my own. Togodumnus

Concavata Related Lynx

Link to maps of the area from: StreetMap Old-Maps MultiMap
Page Citation: Kevan White (2018) "Roman Britain: CONCAVATA - DRUMBURGH"