Type: Roman Camp
|NW (1.5) to Bravoniacvm (Kirkby Thore, Cumbria)
SE (10.5) to Verteris (Brough-under-Stainmore, Cumbria)
This unusually sited camp was seemingly aligned upon the line of the Roman road between Kirkby Thore and Brough Castle, which originally passed about 200 ft (60m) outside the north-eastern defences of the camp and lay on the same alignment as the disused railway cutting. The modern A66 main road passes through the north-eastern half of the camp, and Powis Cottage lies just inside the south-eastern defences, the minor road to Long Marton cutting across the eastern corner-angle.
The defences are rhomboid in plan and enclose an area of 23 acres (9.3ha), however, the course of the Gaylock Syke runs through the south-western portion of the camp, thus making about 5¼ acres (2.1ha) of the camp's interior unsuitable for pitching tents. There are ten visible gates; four on the north-east, with external tituli protective outworks on three of them, three on the south-east all with tituli, two gates with tituli on the south-west and a single gate on the north-west without any outer defences.
This large temporary marching camp and other similarly-sized fortifications at Rey Cross and Plumpton Head have all been attributed to the campaigns of governor Quintus Petilius Cerialis against the Brigantian dissident Venutius sometime around 72/73AD. Another pre-Flavian camp from this particular campaign may be awaiting discovery at Carlisle.
|IMP CAESARI MARC IVLIO PHILIPPO PIO FELICI INVICTO AVGVSTO PERP ET M IVL PHILIPPO NOBILISSIMO CAESARI|
"For Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Philippus Pius Felix, the invincible emperor in perpetuity, and to Marcus Julius Philippus the most noble Caesar.¹"
(RIB 2284; milestone; dated: 244-249AD)