NGRef: NS9521
OSMap: LR72
Type: Fort, Camp
Crawford Castle

The Remains of Crawford Castle
viewed from the minor road to the north
NE (35) to Elginhavgh (Lothian)
SSW (18) to Drvmlanrig (Dumfriesshire)
SE (20) to Milton (Tassiesholm, Beattock, Dumfries & Galloway)
SSW (11) to Dvrisdeer
NNE (8) to Lamington (Strathclyde)
SSE (5) to Little Clyde
SE (8) to Redshaw Bvrn
N (4) to Wandel

The Dateable Pottery Evidence

The only dateable pottery recovered from Crawford is a piece of samian Form 29 dated to c.60-75AD, however, a bronze as minted in 86AD has also been found. Coins like this, all in almost unworn condition, have been uncovered at a number of other military sites in Scotland, which must mean that they were garrisoned in that year or shortly afterwards. There is structural evidence to suggest that the fort was also occupied throughout the Antonine Period (c.142AD - c.162).

There are a number of Roman military sites in the area; there are three marching camps to the south of the fort in Crawford (NS9520), a marching camp at Little Clyde in the south-east overlooked by a watch-tower on Beattock Summit (both NS9915), also a fortlet and camp at Wandel (NS9426) along the road to the north, with another camp nearby at Cold Chapel (NS9324).

See: The Roman Occupations of Scotland by B.R. Hartley in Britannia ii (1972) pp.1-55;
The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain by David J. Breeze p.61.
Page Citation: Kevan White (2018) "Roman Britain: CRAWFORD"