Crindledykes Farm Roman Milestones
Milestone of Emperor Severus Alexander and Governor Claudius Xenophon
|IMP CAES M AVREL SEVERO ALEXANDRO PIO FEL AVG P M TR P II COS P P CVR CL XENOPH LEG AVG PR PRAET M P
|"For Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Pius Felix Augustus,¹ High Priest, holder of
tribunician power for the second time, Consular, Father of the Fatherland, under the administration of Claudius
Xenophon,² legate of the emperor with pro-praetorian power. Fourteen thousand paces [to Corstopitum]³"
|(RIB 2299; dated: 222/3AD)
- The emperor Severus Alexander succeeded his adoptive father Elagabalus in March 222 and ruled until his
murder at Vicus Britannicus (Bretzenheim, Germany) in March 235.
- Claudius Xenephon was governor of Britain c.223AD.
- Although the name of the terminus station is not supplied on the stone the specified distance of 14 miles
corresponds exactly with that measured eastwards along the Stanegate to the Corbridge supply-base on the River Tyne. There is nothing remarkable located a comparable
distance along the Stanegate to the west.
Milestone of the Emperor Probus
|M AVR PROBVS P F INVIC AVG
|"[For Imperator Caesar] Marcus Aurelius Probus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus.¹"
|(RIB 2300; dated: 276-282AD)
- The emperor Probus was the former commander of Rome's eastern frontier who succeeded Florianus after
instigating the military coup which resulted in the latter's death. He ruled from July 276AD until he was murdered by
his own soldiers near Sirmium in September 282.
A number of Roman milestones were unearthed in 1885 on the north side of the Stanegate at Crindledykes Farm, which lies about 1 mile (1.6km) to the east of Chesterholm/Vindolanda. There are seven entries in
the R.I.B. for Crindledykes, all of them milestones, all but
two of which may be dated. The undateable stones are rendered so by the brevity of their texts, one of them reading
IMP ... or "For the emperor [...]" (RIB 2304), the other simply
LI perhaps "fifty-one [miles to somewhere]?" (RIB 2305). The texts of all
the dateable stones are given and translated on this page.
Milestone Re-Inscribed Three Times
|... NOB CAES
||"... Noble Caesar"
|IMP CAES MAXIMIANO P F AVG
||"Imperator Caesar Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus"
|IMP CAES MAXIMINO PF AVG
||"Imperator Caesar Maximinus Pius Felix Augustus"
|(RIB 2301; milestone)
Milestones of Emperor Constantinus
|IMP CAES FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F INV AVG DIVI CONSTANTI
||IMP CAES FLAV VAL CONSTANTINO PIO F NOB CAESARI DIVI CONSTANTI PII AVG FILIO
|"For Imperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus, [son of] the divine
||"For Imperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Pius Felix, most noble Caesar, the son of the
deified Constantius Pius Augustus"
|(RIB 2302; dated: 307-337AD)
||(RIB 2303; dated: 306-307AD)
Crindledykes Bibliography and Links