NGRef: NX854989
OSMap: LR78
Type: Fort, Camp

SSE (8) to Barbvrgh Mill
NNE (18) to Crawford (Strathclyde)
SSE (12) to Dalswinton (Dumfries & Galloway)
NNE (4) to Dvrisdeer
Possible Road: NNW (8.5) to Sanqvhar

The Auxiliary Fort at Drumlanrig

N.G.Ref Dimensions Area
NX854989 c.550 x 330 ft
(c.167 x 100 m)
c.4½ acres
(c.1.7 ha)

This fort is situated on the banks of the Nith where it controls the river-crossing. Crop-marks show at least five ditches on the north-west and north-east sides, with at least three ditches elsewhere; there is evidence also of an annexe or out-work on the north-east. The fort measures approximately 550 feet from south-east to north-west by about 330 feet transversely (c.167 x 100 m) within the ditches, which enclose an area of just under 4½ acres (c.1.7 ha).

It has been mooted that the space for barracks within the fort may have been smaller that that normally required for a normal quingenary (i.e. 500-strong) auxiliary cohort, which leads one to suspect that part of the regiment based here at the Drumlanrig fort, were perhaps dispersed throughout the surrounding countryside in small fortlets and watch-towers such as Sanquhar, Durisdeer and Barburgh Mill, perhaps even at Kirkland. The fort apparently faced NNW up the Nith Valley towards the outlying station at Sanquhar, even though the road south from the fort complex at Dalswinton here turned NNE and headed towards Crawford, perhaps indicating the initial line of advance towards Kilmarnock.

The Drumlanrig Temporary Marching Camp

N.G.Ref Dimensions Area Description
NX857988 c.490 x 390 ft
(c.150 x 120 m)
c.4¼ acres
(c.1.8 ha)
First plotted on aerial photographs in 1984, the south-east side of this camp remains unlocated.
See: Britannia xvi (1985) p.267;
Air Reconnaissance in Roman Britain 1977-1984 by G.S. Maxwell & D.R. Wilson
in Britannia xviii (1987) pp.19/20 & fig.5, p.22 & plate.Va
Britannia xxix (1998) p.380.
Link to maps of the area from: StreetMap Old-Maps MultiMap