NGRef: TQ448382
OSMap: LR187
Type: Roman Iron-work

Roads
Possible Road: SSE (33) to Anderitvm (Pevensey, East Sussex)
Probable Road: SSW (30) to Brighton (nr. Brighton & Hove, Sussex)
N (11) to Titsey (Surrey)

"... an iron-working settlement of 1.6 ha. [4 acres] has been identified in a field called 'Blacklands' on Great Cansiron Farm, 1.6 km. [1 mile] west of the London-Lewes Roman road, which is here surfaced with iron slag." (Britannia 1971)

Nine Roman Iron-Mines Within 12 Miles of the Holtye Settlement

WEST SUSSEX Broadfield TQ2634
Kingscote TQ3735
Hollybush Wood TQ3935
EAST SUSSEX Whalesbeech TQ3934
Pippingford Park TQ4431
Hammerwood TQ4438
Oldlands TQ4726
Minepit Wood TQ5523
Castle Hill TQ5528

Dr Henry Clere in 1976 estimated the production of Roman military ironwork from the area of the Weald at 550 tons per year. Armed with this information, Dr Oliver Rackham, an acknowledged authority on the historical countryside, estimated that the entire output of a 23,000 acre (c.9,300 Ha) coppice-wood would be required in order to sustain the industry.

See: Historical Map and Guide - Roman Britain by the Ordnance Survey (3rd, 4th & 5th eds., 1956, 1994 & 2001);
Trees & Woodland in the British Landscape by Oliver Rackham (Phoenix, London, 1990) pp.40/1;
Britannia ii (1971) p.286.