NGRef: ST8095
OSMap: LR162/163
Type: Roman Building

Roads
None identified

Kingscote lies to the south of Gloucester and west of Cirencester in an area which is dotted with Roman remains. There is a Romano-British temple at Lydney Park (SO6102), and Villas at Rodmarton (ST9498), Woodchester (SO8303), Stancombe (ST7497), Frocester (SO7802), Bournes Green (SO9104) and Ifold (SO8510). In Addition, there are other substantial Roman buildings at Cherington (ST9096), Frocester (SO7703), Whitminster (SO7706), Stockend (SO8409) and Duntisbourne Abbots (SO9808).

In addition to these structural remains, a number of inscribed Roman tombstones have been turned up along the line of the main Roman road running north-south between Glevum (Gloucester, Gloucestershire) and Aquae Sulis (Bath, Avon), this road was known to the ancients as Antonine Iter XIV and is nowadays known by the designation Margary#?. Arranged roughly N-S and E-W in the RIB are four inscriptions: a gabled tombstone found in 1835 at Horsely Wood, ½-mile south-west of Horsely, now in the Stroud Museum (RIB 133; NGRef. ST8398); another gabled tombstone found in 1779 at Lasborough, 4 miles east of Wotton-under-Edge, now lost (RIB 134; NGRef. ST8293); a semicircular oolite relief found in 1795 in a barn of Calcot Farm, Newington Bagpath, near Tetbury, 4 miles WNW of Tetbury, now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (RIB 135; NGRef. ST8495); a third gabled tombstone found in 1846 within a small enclosure at Nesley Farm, Beverston, now in Corinium Museum (RIB 136; NGRef. ST8693).

The Horsley Roman Tombstone

D M IVL INGENVILLA VX AN XX M V D XXVIIII

"To the shades of the departed Julia Ingenuilla, who lived for twenty years five months and twenty-nine days."

(RIB 133; gabled tombstone)

The Lasborough Roman Tombstone

D M SVLICENA ANNOS ...XIIII VIXIT

"To the shades of the departed Sulicena, who lived for ... years ... fourteen¹ ..."

(RIB 134; gabled tombstone)

  1. Or twenty-four (or thirty-four), the text is damaged.

The Kingscote Roman Sepulchural Relief

IVLIVS L S

"Julius has willingly fulfilled [his vow]."

(RIB 135; semicircular relief)

The Beverston Tombstone

D M METTI NATION GETA VIXIT ANN XXXXV H P

"To the shades of the departed Mettus, a citizen of the Getae,¹ who lived forty-five years. His heirs have placed [this memorial]."

(RIB 136; tombstone)

  1. A tribe of eastern Moesia Inferior, south of the Danube, on the western shores of the Pontus Euxinus. Their tribal lands lay in modern north-eastern Bulgaria near the Black Sea. The non-Roman name, the lack of military titles, plus the fact that he died a peregrinus and did not hold Roman citizenship probably means that Mettus was a merchant or artisan from the Baltic states.
See: Historical Map and Guide - Roman Britain by the Ordnance Survey (3rd, 4th & 5th eds., 1956, 1994 & 2001);
The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965).
All English translations, including any inherent mistakes, are my own.