NGRef: NY708661
OSMap: LR86/87
Type: Camp

Roads
None identified

Markham Cottage Temporary Marching Camps

These camps lie only 120 yards (110m) to the south of the Vallum, about 570 yards (520m) west of the Wall Fort at Great Chesters. There are many other camps in the neighbourhood; on the far side of Hadrian's Wall to the north at Burnhead and Chesters Pike, four more on the east side of the Caw Burn at Haltwhistle, another on the south side of the Stanegate to the south-west at Lees Hall and others along the Stanegate to east and west.

N.G.Ref Dimensions Area Description
Markham Cottage Camp 1
NY708660 1,197 x 1,509 ft
(365 x 460 m)
41½ acres
(16.8 ha)
The Stanegate cuts across the S part of this large camp, which is roughly rectangular, and the modern B6318 crosses the defences further S. The only gap in the defences which can be positively identified as an original gateway is that in the centre of the S side, which is defended by an external titulum outwork. The NW corner of the camp is cut through by the course of a small stream, and was the site of a medieval watermill. A smaller camp lies entirely within the NE quadrant of this camp, utilizing part of the N defences.
Markham Cottage Camp 2
NY708662 348 x 427 ft
(106 x 130 m)
c.3½ acres
(1.4 ha)
This camp is sited within the NE quadrant of the much bigger Camp-1, and utilises part of the original camp's N defences to form the N rampart. Rectangular in outline, the only identifiable gateways are located in the centre of the shorter N & S sides, that on the S apparently protected by an external claviculum. Like its parent camp this smaller encampment was built facing N.
See: Roman Camps in England - The Field Archaeology by Welfare & Swan (HMSO, London, 1995).
Link to maps of the area from: StreetMap Old-Maps MultiMap