NGRef: SO2559
OSMap: LR137/148
Type: Camp

None identified

The three smaller camps lie just south of the fort at Hindwell Farm (SO2560) between the Summergill Brook to the north and the Riddings Brook on the south, while the larger camp lies on the north bank of the Summergill Brook to the west of the fort. The entire area is packed with archaeology in the form of standing-stones, tumuli, mottes, manses, and the line of Offa's Dyke passes by about 1½ miles to the east.

Walton 1 (west)
SO252598 550 x 470 ft
(168 x 143 m)
c.6 acres
(2.4 ha)
Almost the entire circuit of this rectangular camp is recorded. There are gateways placed more-or-less centrally in all sides but the south-west, where the crop-mark features are indistinct. The western defences of Walton Camp-2 lie only about 20 yards outside the eastern defences of the camp and are aligned with them. The A44 road from Walton to New Radnor passes across the north-east corner of the camp.
Walton 2 (central)
SO254599 630 x 535 ft
(192 x 163 m)
c.7¾ acres
(3.13 ha)
The largest of the three smaller camps has its entire circuit recorded, along with four distinct gateways, placed centrally in the shorter east and west sides and in the north and south defences displaced towards the east by a ratio of 3:1; the camp appears, therefore, to face towards the ENE. Walton Camp-1 lies just outside the camps west defences and is aligned with them and Camp-3 lies close by to the east, though on a slightly different alignment. the A44 cuts obliquely across the camp from south-east to north-west.
Walton 3 (east)
SO255600 550 x c.410 ft
(168 x 125 m)
c.5¼ acres
(2.1 ha)
This camp lies just outside Walton to the north-west. Only the northern circuit is established, including the north-east and north-west angles, the entire northern side with a gateway diplaced to the east on a ratio of 2:1, also a 160ft length of the east side and about 280ft of the west, including a gateway which, if placed centrally in these defences would mean a north-south dimension of abour 410ft. The B4357 bisects the camp along its short axis, with the A44 obliterating all trace of its south-west corner. The defences of Walton Camp-2 lie close outside the camps western rampart.

It seems very likely that the smaller camps at Walton were all contemporary, given that they are carefully built alongside each other, and it is possible that the large camp at Hindwell Farm was also built around the same time, evidently during troop build-up before a substantial push into Wales.

See: Air Reconnaissance in Britain, 1965-1968 by J.K. St. Joseph in J.R.S. lix (1969) p.121;
Air Reconnaissance in Britain, 1969-72 by J.K. St. Joseph in J.R.S. lxiii (1973) pp.239/40 & fig.22;

Click here for a map of Walton from