Type: Temple Or Shrine
This square temple lies in Middle Hill Field within a temenos beside the Dorchester-Alchester road, about four miles north of Oxford. The outer portico measured 37½ feet by 36½ feet, the inner cella 19 feet by 16 ft. 5 in. The outer wall was an almost uniform 2½ feet wide, the inner wall varying between 1½-2 feet. The temple probably faced east. The original building was erected around 65AD with a wooden portico which later burnt to the ground, This wooden building was replaced by one of stone during the late-2nd century at the same time the temenos was included. The temple remained in use until the 5th century. (Type Ic or Id)
|D M DECMVS MALVS...|
"To the shades of the departed Decimus Malus[ius ...]"
(RIB 240; limestone tombstone fragment; found 1934 during ploughing; now in Ashmolean Mus.; restored)
There are five monumental inscriptions recorded in the R.I.B. for the Wood Eaton site. The only stone artifact is a tombstone (RIB 240 supra), all the others being of bronze, comprising parts of two inscribed plates and a total of nine brazen letters (RIB 236-239 infra). All of these pieces now reside in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
|Text||Location of Find||RIB|
|...EDO||thin bronze plate found in 1841||236|
|...XENOVI... ...NDVX... ...IT...||bronze plate fragment found in 1953 during ploughing||237|
|A T V E/F||four bronze letters found during excavations in 1919 & 1934||238|
|M N TI/IT I/L E/I||five bronze letters found in 1952 within temenos of Romano-British temple||239|