Roman Emperors

From Augustus (31BC) to the Fall of the Western Empire (476AD)

The Julio-Claudian and Flavian Dynasties

  1. Augustus - Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus (31BC-14AD)
  2. Tiberius - Tiberius Caesar Augustus (14-37)
  3. Caligula/Gaius - Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (37-41)
  4. Claudius - Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (41-54)
  5. Nero - Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (54-68)
  6. Galba - Servius Galba Imperator Caesar Augustus (68-69)
  7. Otho - Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus (69)
  8. Vitellius - Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Imperator Augustus (69)
  9. Vespasian - Imperator Vespasian Caesar Augustus (69-79)
  10. Titus - Imperator Titus Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (79-81)
  11. Domitian - Imperator Caesar Domitianus Augustus (81-96)

The Adoptive Emperors and the Antonine Dynasty

  1. Nerva - Imperator Nerva Caesar Augustus (96-98)
  2. Trajan - Imperator Caesar Divi Nervae Filius Nerva Traianus (98-117)
  3. Hadrian - Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus (117-138)
  4. Antoninus Pius - Imperator Titus Aelius Caesar Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius (138-161)
  5. Marcus Aurelius - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (161-180)
  6. Lucius Verus - Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus (161-169)
  7. Commodus - Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus (180-192)
  8. Pertinax - Imperator Caesar Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus (193)
  9. Didius Julianus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Didius Severus Julianus Augustus (193)

The Severan Dynasty

  1. Septimius Severus - Imperator Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus (193-211)
  2. Caracalla - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Pius Augustus (211-217)
  3. Geta - Imperator Caesar Publius Septimius Geta Augustus (211)
  4. Macrinus - Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus Augustus (217-218)
  5. Elagabalus - Imperator Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius Felix Augustus Proconsul (218-222)
  6. Alexander Severus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Pius Felix Augustus (222-235)

The Time of Chaos

  1. Maximinus Thrax - Imperator Caesar Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (235-238)
  2. Gordian I - Imperator Caesar Marcus Antoninus Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (238)
  3. Gordian II - Imperator Caesar Marcus Antoninus Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (238)
  4. Pupienus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus Augustus (238)
  5. Balbinus - Imperator Caesar Decius Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Pius Felix Augustus (238)
  6. Gordian III - Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Felix Augustus (238-244)
  7. Philip the Arab - Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Phillipus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (244-249)
  8. Decius - Imperator Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (249-251)
  9. Trebonius Gallus - Imperator Caesar Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (251-253)
  10. Aemilius Aemilianus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (253)
  11. Valerian - Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Valerianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (253-260)
  12. Gallienus - Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (253-268)
  13. Claudius II - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (268-270)
  14. Quintillus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus Invictus Pius Felix Augustus (270)
  15. Aurelian - Imperator Caesar Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (270-275)
  16. Tacitus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Pius Felix Augustus (275-276)
  17. Florianus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Annius Florianus Pius Felix Augustus (276)
  18. Probus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Probus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (276-282)
  19. Carus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (282-283)
  20. Numerian - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus Pius Felix Augustus (283-284)
  21. Carinus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (283-285)

The Gallic Empire

  1. Postumus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Cassianus Latinius Postumus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (260-269)
  2. Laelianus - Imperator Caesar Gaius Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus Pius Felix Augustus (269)
  3. Marius - Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Marius Pius Felix Augustus (269)
  4. Victorinus - Imperator Caesar Marcus Piavonius Victorinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (268-271)
  5. Tetricus - Imperator Caesar Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus Felix Invictus Augustus (271-274)

The Empire Restored

  1. Diocletian - Imperator Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (284-305)
  2. Maximian - Imperator Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (286-305, 307-308)
  3. Constantius I - Imperator Caesar Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius Augustus (305-306)
  4. Galerius - Imperator Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (305-311)
  5. Severus II - Imperator Severus Pius Felix Augustus (306-307)
  6. Maxentius - Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (306-312)
  7. Maximinus Daia - Imperator Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximinus Pius Felix Augustus (310-313)
  8. Constantine - Imperator Caesar Flavius Constantinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (307-337)
  9. Licinius - Imperator Caesar Gaius Valerius Licinius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus (308-324)

The Heirs of Constantine

  1. Constantine II - (337-340)
  2. Constans I - (337-350)
  3. Constantius II - (337-361)
  4. Julian - (360-363)
  5. Jovian - (363-364)

The Division of the Empire

The West

  1. Valentinian I - (364-375)
  2. Gratian - (367-383)
  3. Valentinian II - (375-392)
  4. Eugenius [usurper] - (392-394)
  5. Theodosius I - (379-395)
  6. Honorius - (395-423)
  7. Johannes [usurper] - (423-425)
  8. Valentinian III - (425-455)
  9. Petronius Maximus - (455)
  10. Avitus - (455-456)
  11. Majorian - (457-461)
  12. Libius Severus - (461-465)
  13. Anthemius - (467-472)
  14. Olybrius - (472)
  15. Glycerius - (473-474)
  16. Julius Nepos - (474-475)
  17. Romulus Augustulus [deposed] - (475-476)

The East

  1. Valens - (364-378)
  2. Theodosius I - (379-395)
  3. Arcadius - (395-408)
  4. Theodosius II - (408-450)
  5. Marcian - (450-457)
  6. Leo I - (457-474)
  7. Leo II - (474)
  8. Zeno - (474-491)
The Eastern Empire continued, in
various forms, until the final fall of
Constantinople under the emperor
Constantine XI Dragases in 1453.

The information on this page was compiled from various sources, principally;
Chronicle of the Roman Emperors by Chris Scarre (Thames & Hudson 1995);
Chronology of the Ancient World by E.J. Bickerman (Thames & Hudson 1980);
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon.
Togodumnus