Romano-British Temples

In Roman Britain

Bourton Grounds Temple - VRML Model
Plan of Romano-British temple
Plan view of a typical
Romano-British Temple

'Less Grandiose [than classical temples] but more plentiful in Britain were the smaller buildings usually described as Romano-British temples. Each normally comprised a small box-like cella of varying height lit by windows placed high up in the walls; the sanctuary of a god and not intended to hold a congregation. Inside there was a tiled or mosaic floor and the walls were decorated with wall-paintings. The outside walls were also plastered and painted and they were protected by a verandah surrounding the cella on all four sides, and consisting of a low sloping roof sometimes supported by dwarf stone or wooden pillars standing on a low wall or platform. ...'

Above excerpt from Britain in the Roman Empire by Joan Liversidge (London 1973 p.439).

Hypothetical Types of Romano-British Temple

    Subtype a
Solid Inner
Outer Colonnade
Subtype b
Solid Inner
Outer Half-Colonnade
Subtype c
Solid Walls Throughout
Subtype d
Inner Half-Colonnade
Solid Outer
Subtype e
Inner Colonnade
Solid Outer
Type I
Temples with Central Tower
  Temple Type Ia
Type Ia
Temple Type Ib
Type Ib
Temple Type Ic
Type Ic
Temple Type Id
Type Id
Temple Type Ie
Type Ie
Type II
Temples Covered by a Single Roof
  Temple Type IIa
Type IIa
Temple Type IIb
Type IIb
Temple Type IIc
Type IIc
Temple Type IId
Type IId
Temple Type IIe
Type IIe
Type III
Temples with Cella Open to Sky
  Temple Type IIId
Type IIId
Temple Type IIIe
Type IIIe
Above table based on that in Temples in Roman Britain by M.J.T. Lewis (Cambridge 1966 fig.46).
For the definitive work, see:
Temples in Roman Britain by M.J.T. Lewis (Cambridge, 1966);
also Britain in the Roman Empire by Joan Liversidge (Cardinal, London, 1973);